Pituitary apoplexy

Case contributed by A.Prof Frank Gaillard

Presentation

Acute onset headache.

Patient Data

Age: Adult
Modality: MRI

Intrinsic high T1 signal is seen within a pituitary mass which has expanded the pituitary fossa. 

Case Discussion

Pituitary apoplexy is an acute clinical syndrome caused by either haemorrhage or infarction of the pituitary gland. Although variable, it typically comprises of headache, visual deficits, ophthalmoplegia, and altered mental status. An existing pituitary macroadenoma is usually present (60-90%) but it can occur with healthy glands in few isolated cases. 

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Case Information

rID: 2616
Case created: 7th May 2008
Last edited: 8th Sep 2015
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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