Pituitary macroadenoma - encasing carotid

Case contributed by A.Prof Frank Gaillard

MRI of the brain demonstrates a mass apparently centred on the left cavernous sinus and extending to abutt the pituitary gland. It encases the internal carotid artery without narrowing it. 

Case Discussion

The patient went on to have surgery. 

Histology

The biopsy shows a tumour composed of sheets, nests and cords of intermediate-sized cells with pale cytoplasm. Admixed with the tumour are numerous cholesterol clefts with surrounding giant cells. There are scattered hemosiderin deposits as well. 

Immunohistochemical stains show the tumour cells are strongly positive for synaptophysin and negative for chromogranin. There are rare cells positive for ACTH and prolactin and a small cluster of cells positive for LH/FSH. Other stains are negative. The vast majority of cells are negative for all markers except synaptophysin. This is tumour is best considered a null cell adenoma.

The finding of cholesterol clefts with granulomatous reaction is very unusual in pituitary adenomas, but has been previously reported in the literature and is thought to be secondary to focal infarction of the tumour 1.

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Case information

rID: 4549
Published: 11th Sep 2008
Last edited: 20th Mar 2018
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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