Pneumoperitoneum due to duodenal ulcer perforation (US)

Case contributed by Dr Domenico Nicoletti

Presentation

Sudden onset of severe abdominal pain, with vomiting, hypotension and a completely rigid abdomen with percussion tenderness.

Patient Data

Age: 50 years
Gender: Male
Ultrasound

Abdomen ultrasound

There is free gas seen as lines on the liver surface with comet-tail artifacts (yellow arrow). Perforated ulcer in anterior duodenal bulb is associated.

Abdominal radiograph

The left lateral decubitus position shows a small amount of intraperitoneal free gas.

CT Abdomen with contrast

Evidence of considerable amount of free gas over the surface of the right and left lobes of the liver with fluid collections within the hepatorenal recess and in the rectovesical pouch. There is thickening of the first and second parts of duodenum with a localized perforation of a duodenal ulcer along its bulb on the anterior wall (red circle). Near the perforation there is a little fluid collection. There is a cyst in the left hepatic lobe.

Pathology

Operative notes

Perforated duodenal ulcer repair and omentoplasty (summary translated from Italian).

Case Discussion

Ultrasound of intraperitoneal free gas appears as an enhanced peritoneal stripe accompanied by posterior artifactual reverberation echoes with characteristic comet-tail appearance. Right upper quadrant and midline are the best regions to detect intraperitoneal free gas.

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Case information

rID: 87642
Published: 10th Mar 2021
Last edited: 10th Mar 2021
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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