Pontine haemorrhage

Case contributed by Dr Amit Chacko

Presentation

Unheralded syncope while eating hot chilli.

Patient Data

Age: 35 years
Gender: Male
CT

A large haematoma is present in the pons, measuring 23 mm in diameter. The pons and medulla are oedematous and enlarged. The cerebellar hemispheres are preserved. No surface collection evident, and no intraventricular or subarachnoid haemorrhage evident. No supratenorial abnormality. The vertebral arteries are patent with no evidence of dissection nor aneurysm and no abnormal vascular channels evident. The internal carotid and cerebral arteries likewise are normal in appearance.

Case Discussion

In intensive care the patient was unresponsive with no observable cranial nerve function. Corneal and gag reflexes were also absent on examination. Due to the preservation of his cerebellar hemispheres he was presumed to have locked in syndrome. The cause of the haemorrhage was likely due to the patient's uncontrolled hypertension for which he was non-compliant with his medication.

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Case information

rID: 56772
Case created: 21st Nov 2017
Last edited: 23rd Nov 2017
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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