Posterior fossa metastasis (breast cancer)

Case contributed by A.Prof Frank Gaillard

Presentation

Headache

Patient Data

Age: 60
Gender: Female

Centred just to the right of the midline in the posterior fossa is a 3.0 x 4.0 x 2.7 cm mass which has a broad dural attachment superiorly to the undersurface of the tentorium, without invasion of the torcula or transverse sinus. It is heterogeneous on T2 weighted images, with vivid but heterogeneous contrast enhancement, and no evidence of haemorrhage. MR spectroscopy demonstrates high choline, with little in NAA or creatine and elevation of lactate. Cerebral blood volume (CBV) is moderately elevated within the mass. (not shown)

The mass is surrounded by vasogenic oedema involving both cerebellar hemispheres, and exerts mass effect upon the 4th ventricle which is distorted but does not appear effaced. No hydrocephalus is present at this time. Basal cisterns remain open.

The mass has an isolated lesion and the remainder of the brain is unremarkable in appearance.

Conclusion:

Solitary posterior fossa lesion is most likely extra-axial, or centered peripherally in a cerebellar folia, and most likely represents a metastasis, especially in view of the surgical clips on the chest x-ray (not shown), which are presumably within the right breast and suggest possible prior breast malignancy correlation with history required). The differential is that of a meningioma although the appearance is less typical of this and is thought far less likely.

 

Case Discussion

The patient went on to have the mass resected which confirmed the diagnosis of a breast carcinoma metastasis. 

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Case information

rID: 28271
Case created: 18th Mar 2014
Last edited: 28th Oct 2015
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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