Oesophageal diverticula is an outpouching projecting from the oesophagus. Diverticula may be classified by their location or by their mechanism of formation.
- pharyngoesophageal junction (upper esophagus), i.e. Zenker's diverticulum.
- distal oesophagus just above the gastroesophageal junction, i.e. epyphrenic diverticulum.
By mechanism of formation:
Usually, they are incidental findings in asymptomatic patients.
Oesohagogram: barium filled outpouchings projecting from the esophagus, best seen in profile.
Pulsion diverticula: Most common, usually located in the middle or distal third of the esophagus, often associated with motility disorder. They appear as outpouching with rounded contour and a wide neck. "False diverticulum".
Traction diverticula: usually have a triangular configuration as a result of scarring and retraction (surgery, radiation, or granulomatous disease affecting the adyacent mediastinum). They tend to occur as solitary outpouchings containing all of the esophageal wall layers. They tend to empty when the esophagus collapses (muscular layer of the esophageal wall). "True diverticulum"
Case courtesy: Dr Jose R Zuniga.