Raynaud phenomenon of the distal extremity/foot
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At the time the case was submitted for publication Claus Laufenburg had no recorded disclosures.View Claus Laufenburg's current disclosures
Recurring coldness, pallor and initial cyanosis of the right foot, especially in the tips of the toes. History of slight distortion 6 weeks ago. Persistent pain.
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Bone marrow edema in all predominantly livid distal phalanges of the right foot and no sufficient contrast in the distal arterial vessels of the right foot, especially no contrast of interdigital arteries.
Bone marrow signal alterations have been described in both Raynaud's phenomenon of the hand and foot. The MR angiography is almost pathognomonic for Raynaud's.
- 1. Brown MA, Handley D, Simon A. Raynaud's phenomenon manifesting as progressive abnormal MRI bone marrow signal in the toes. (2019) Radiology case reports. 14 (11): 1320-1324. doi:10.1016/j.radcr.2019.08.014 - Pubmed