Renal cell carcinoma in a cystic kidney with ESRF: gross pathology
Middle aged patient with long standing ESRD. Sinister lesion on CT.
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Post operative gross specimens.
Atrophic kidneys with mulitple cysts. One cyst contains solid tissue (annotated).
This was a renal cell carcinoma.
Even kidneys that no longer function can develop tumour within - a few renal cells remain enough to become neoplastic.
Imaging this type of patient can be a challenge given the limitations of contrast enhancement.