Retropharyngeal carotid arteries

Case contributed by Dr Prat-Matifoll

Presentation

Suspected acute ischaemic stroke (stroke code). NECT and CECT revealed a left thalamic infarction without other findings.

Patient Data

Age: 75
Gender: Male

Bilateral internal carotid loops reaching the retropharyngeal space.

Their abnormal proximity to pharyngeal mucosa (submucous location) could be life-threatening if otorhinolaryngologists or anaesthetists damage the ICA while performing surgeries or other procedures in the oral cavity or oropharynx.

Annotated image

Note the widening of the retropharyngeal space due to bilateral internal carotid loops (red arrows).

Case Discussion

A wide range of ICA abnormalities from 10 to 56%, has been reported based on literature:

Older people: in relation with arteriosclerotic pathology or fibromuscular dysplasia. 

Children: carotid abnormalities explained as congenital etiology are rarely reported.

The retropharyngeal location of the ICA as well as tortuosity, kinking and coiling are some of these anomalies. These anomalies may result from the embryological development as well as secondary to atherosclerotic changes. 

ICA anomalies may be life threatening if, while performing neck surgeries, surgeons damage the retropharyngeal ICA causing an acute haemorrhage.  

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Case information

rID: 46935
Case created: 24th Jul 2016
Last edited: 7th Sep 2016
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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