Scimitar syndrome

Case contributed by RMH Report Writing

Presentation

Pre operative CXR.

Patient Data

Age: 40 years
Gender: Male
X-ray

Chest radiographs

Heart size is within normal limits. Hypoplastic right lung with linear opacity consistent with venous drainage at the right lung base in keeping with known scimitar syndrome. The left lung is clear. No acute osseous abnormality.

Case Discussion

Scimitar syndrome, also known as pulmonary venolobar syndrome or hypogenetic lung syndrome, is characterised by a hypoplastic lung that is drained by an anomalous vein into the systemic venous system. It is a type of partial anomalous pulmonary venous return.

It is essentially a combination of pulmonary hypoplasia and partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR). It almost exclusively occurs on the right side.

Haemodynamically, there is an acyanotic left to right shunt. The anomalous vein usually drains into: 

  • inferior vena cava: most common 
  • right atrium 
  • portal vein

 

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Case information

rID: 42677
Case created: 3rd Feb 2016
Last edited: 26th Sep 2017
System: Chest
Tag: rmh
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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