Sigmoid volvulus

Case contributed by Dr Jeremy Jones

Presentation

Severe abdominal pain and clinical features of large bowel obstruction with absent faeces or flatus and a tender and distended abdomen.

Patient Data

Age: 55 years
Gender: Female
X-ray

Multiple dilated gas-filled loops of bowel. Large central loops of distended large bowel arising from the pelvis with no rectal gas. Features most in keeping with sigmoid volvulus.

Fluoroscopy

Gastrografin enema confirms the diagnosis of sigmoid volvulus with a classic beaked appearance of contrast termination at the site of volvulus.

Case Discussion

Plain film features are typical of a sigmoid volvulus with a distended loop of large bowel arising from the pelvis. Absence of rectal gas and distension of the descending colon suggest it is causing complete obstruction.

Contrast per rectum confirms complete obstruction. The beaked appearance is classical of sigmoid volvulus.

The contrast study does not need to be performed. A CT would be more helpful although in most cases (especially where there is a prior history) further imaging is not required and decompression with a flatus tube or rigid sigmoidoscope can be performed.

PlayAdd to Share

Case information

rID: 5575
Case created: 9th Feb 2009
Last edited: 19th Nov 2017
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

Updating… Please wait.
Loadinganimation

Alert accept

Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.