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At the time the case was submitted for publication Antonio Rodrigues de Aguiar Neto had no recorded disclosures.View Antonio Rodrigues de Aguiar Neto's current disclosures
This child underwent computed tomography to investigate the loss of strength and pain in the left shoulder after a fall.
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CT demonstrates a suture between the basisphenoid and basiocciput ossification centers, representing the spheno-occipital synchondrosis.
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The spheno-occipital synchondrosis is a midline cartilaginous union between the body of the sphenoid anteriorly and the occipital bone posteriorly in the cranial base 1-3. This synchondrosis usually closes near puberty, but occasionally it may persist until age 17 – 25, and its closure, although controversial, usually occurs faster and about one to two years earlier in girls than in boys 1-3.
- 1. Kanchan T & Krishan K. Evaluation of Spheno-Occipital Synchondrosis: A Review of Literature and Considerations from Forensic Anthropologic Point of View. J Forensic Dent Sci. 2013;5(2):72. doi:10.4103/0975-1475.119764 - Pubmed
- 2. Alhazmi A, Vargas E, Palomo J, Hans M, Latimer B, Simpson S. Timing and Rate of Spheno-Occipital Synchondrosis Closure and Its Relationship to Puberty. PLoS One. 2017;12(8):e0183305. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0183305
- 3. Yang J, Cha B, Choi D, Park J, Jang I. Time and Pattern of the Fusion of the Spheno-Occipital Synchondrosis in Patients with Skeletal Class I and Class III Malocclusion. Angle Orthod. 2018;89(3):470-9. doi:10.2319/052218-386.1 - Pubmed