Spinal arteriovenous malformation

Case contributed by A.Prof Frank Gaillard


Recurrent bleeds into a spinal lesion.

Patient Data

Age: 16
Gender: Female

Complex spinal arteriovenous malformation involving the upper cervical cord. Adjacent bone and soft tissue are also involved. 

Case Discussion

Arteriovenous malformations of the spine are classified into:

  • type I: dural AV fistula
  • type II: intramedullary glomus-type AVM
  • type III: juvenile-type intra+extramedullary AVM
  • type IV: direct extramedullary AV fistula)

The type shown above is type III. Type III AVM often have extramedullary and extraspinal involvement, and are typically fed by multiple vessels. Type III are more common in the cervical and thoracic spine. Type III lesions are considered congenital and typically present before age 30.

Image contributed by: Dr Laughlin Dawes.

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Case information

rID: 36040
Published: 13th May 2015
Last edited: 26th Oct 2015
System: Spine
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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