Spinal arteriovenous malformation

Case contributed by A.Prof Frank Gaillard

Presentation

Recurrent bleeds into a spinal lesion.

Patient Data

Age: 16
Gender: Female
Modality: MRI

Complex spinal arteriovenous malformation involving the upper cervical cord. Adjacent bone and soft tissue are also involved. 

Case Discussion

Arteriovenous malformations of the spine are classified into:

  • type I: dural AV fistula
  • type II: intramedullary glomus-type AVM
  • type III: juvenile-type intra+extramedullary AVM
  • type IV: direct extramedullary AV fistula)

The type shown above is type III. Type III AVM often have extramedullary and extraspinal involvement, and are typically fed by multiple vessels. Type III are more common in the cervical and thoracic spine. Type III lesions are considered congenital and typically present before age 30.

Image contributed by: Dr Laughlin Dawes.

PlayAdd to Share

Case Information

rID: 36040
Case created: 24th Apr 2015
Last edited: 26th Oct 2015
System: Spine
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

Updating… Please wait.
Loadinganimation

Alert accept

Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.