Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (Hamman syndrome)

Case contributed by Dr Stan Buckens

Presentation

Swelling of the face, directly after childbirth at home.

Patient Data

Age: 30 years old
Gender: Female
CT

Chest CT: Hamman´s syndrome

The chest CT shows pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax and subcutaneous emphysema (air everywhere).   

Case Discussion

30 year old causasian female presenting with post partum swelling of the face, directly after childbirth at home. Initially the attending midwife suspected an anaphylactic reaction to the adminstered oxytocin and referred her to the obstetrics department. They established that the swelling was caused by subcutaneous emphysema and ordered a chest CT. 

The chest CT shows pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax and subcutaneous emphysema.  

This is an example of spontaneous pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema, in this case after childbirth, also known as Hamman syndrome or as Macklin syndrome. Childbirth typically involves physical exertion and it has been posited that this can cause a rupture of alveolar membranes, causing a positive pressure gradient from the lungs to the surrounding tissues.

The course is usually self-limiting. This patient recuperated at home without complications.

I acknowledge MJA Gondrie, the reading radiologist, for kindly allowing me to submit this case. 

 

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Case information

rID: 27664
Case created: 13th Feb 2014
Last edited: 13th Mar 2016
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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