Citation, DOI and case data
Chest radiograph done to rule out pneumonia. Further history revealed chronic neck and left shoulder pain.
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The left scapula is displaced upward, in keeping with a Sprengel deformity. A curved osseous structure is seen between the left scapula and the spine (omovertebral bone). There is mild dextroscoliosis of the upper thoracic spine. Spina bifida occulta noted in T2. The left 1st to 4th ribs as well as the left clavicle are hypoplastic.
Congenital elevation of the scapula is known as Sprengel deformity. It is rare but is the most common congenital anomaly of the shoulder. It is thought to occur due to an arrest in the caudal migration of the scapula during development. Apart from being elevated, the scapula will often appear dysmorphic or hypoplastic.
Several other osseous abnormalities may also be present:
- presence of an omovertebral bone
- vertebral abnormalities (Klippel-Feil syndrome, spina bifida occulta, scoliosis, hemivertebrae, etc)
- rib deformities (aplasia, hypoplasia, bifid, etc)
- clavicular deformity
In addition, the surrounding muscles may also be affected.
Sprengel deformity is commonly unilateral.
Further imaging with CT is recommended for surgical planning and for better evaluation of any associated abnormalities.
- Guillaume, R., Nectoux, E., Bigot, J., Vandenbussche, L., Fron, D., Mézel, A., … Boutry, N. (2012). Congenital high scapula (Sprengel’s deformity): Four cases. Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, 93(11), 878–883 doi:10.1016/j.diii.2012.08.006
- Harvey EJ, Bernstein M, Desy NM, Saran N, Ouellet JA. Sprengel deformity: pathogenesis and management. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2012 Mar;20(3):177-86. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-20-03-177 - Pubmed citation