Revision 14 for 'Sprengel deformity'

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Sprengel deformity

Sprengel deformity, or congenital elevation of scapula, is a complex deformity of the shoulder and is the most common congenital shoulder abnormality.

Sprengel deformity usually coexists with other congenital abnormalities, particularly those involving the vertebrae and ribs. An omovertebral bar (fibrous, cartilaginous and/ or osseus connection between scapula and cervical spine) is often present.

It is also commonly associated with hypoplasia or atrophy of regional muscles, and these associated features can cause further misshaping of the shoulder and limitation of shoulder movement.

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