Acute abdominal pain. Peritonism. No abdominal distension. No past history.
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Thickened (odematous) rectosigmoid, with a large volume of adjacent extra-luminal free air.
Adjacent to the recto-sigmoid is a mass with an appearance similar to faeces, lying outside of the colon.
Free air in the upper abdomen.
In stercoral perforation a faecaloma if formed (a localised hard, inspissated, or calcified faecal mass) usually of a diameter equal to or greater than the colonic lumen. This is thought to cause pressure necrosis on the colonic wall, resulting in perforation. This then causes both local and sometimes distant extra-luminal air and an adjacent extruded faecal content. The recto-sigmoid is by far the commonest location.
The absence of another cause for perforation, such as a diverticulum, tumour of inflammed colonic wall is also often a clue.
Laparotomy identified a large faeculoma and a stercoral perforation.