Subacute lymphocytic thyroiditis: probable

Case contributed by Dr Ali Abougazia

Presentation

The patient gave history of hyperthyroidism, both clinically and by laboratory investigations.

Patient Data

Age: 23
Gender: Male
Ultrasound

The thyroid was not enlarged as a whole, except for a bulky isthmus. It showed heterogenous hypoechoic parenchyma with small nodules and fine septations. Marked increase in vascularity was seen on Doppler interrogation. The patient said it was neither painful nor tender.

Case Discussion

These sonographic, clinical and available laboratory findings are suggestive of either subacute lymphocytic thyroiditis or Grave's disease.

Thyroiditis is more common in young age, while Grave's is more common in midage females. Also, in thyroiditis the thyroid is usually average sized and shows heterogenous parenchyma, while in Grave's it's typically markedly enlarged with rather homogenous parenchyma.

In this case, the common findings between thyroidits and Grave's are the thyrotoxicosis and the increased vascularity of the thyroid.

For the above mentioned reasons, subacute lymphocytic thyroiditis is favoured over Grave's in this case. However, further laboratory investigation, searching for anti-thyroid antibodies, would be recommended to reach a final diagnosis, since it's positive in Grave's and negative in subacute lymphocytic thyroiditis.

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Case information

rID: 21497
Case created: 27th Jan 2013
Last edited: 26th Oct 2016
System: Head & Neck
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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