Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis

Case contributed by Dr Ruslan Esedov
Modality: CT

see below

Case Discussion

CT of a patient with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE): a rare chronic, progressive encephalitis that affects primarily children and young adults, caused by a persistent infection of immune resistant measles virus (which can be a result of a mutation of the virus itself). 1 in 100,000 people infected with measles develop SSPE. SSPE is 'incurable' but the condition can be managed by medication if treatment is started at an early stage.

Characterised by a history of primary measles infection usually before the age of 2 years, followed by several asymptomatic years (6–15 on average), and then gradual, progressive psychoneurological deterioration, consisting of personality change, seizures, myoclonus, ataxia, photosensitivity, ocular abnormalities, spasticity, and coma.

ref: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subacute_sclerosing_panencephalitis

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Case Information

rID: 7470
Case created: 3rd Nov 2009
Last edited: 27th Nov 2015
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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