Supine pneumothorax

Case contributed by Dr Henry Knipe

Presentation

Motor vehicle collision - 60 km/hr.

Patient Data

Age: 40
Gender: Male
Modality: X-ray

Subcutaneous emphysema is seen in the right lower chest wall along with rib fractures of 4th to 6th right lateral rib fractures.

The right hemidiaphragm has a crisp outline which is suggestive of a pneumothorax. 

Right upper zone consolidation.

The left lung is clear. Cardiomediastinal contour is within normal limits for the projection.     

Modality: CT

CT confirms rib fractures, subcutaneous emphysema and pneumothorax. Also demonstrates pulmonary consolidation. 

Modality: Diagram

Diagram of supine pneumothorax. 

Case Discussion

  • pneumothoraces on supine chest radiographs ("supine pneumothorax") can be very difficult to pick and often associated factors such as rib fracture and subcutaneous emphysema help raise the suspicion of otherwise equivocal findings
    • up to 30% of supine pneumothoraces will be missed
  • air collecting in the anteromedial pleural space (as in this case) is the most common location and can result in a dark lucent band that will crisply outline the right heart border and/or right hemidiaphragm
  • CT will clearly show a supine pneumothorax
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Case Information

rID: 31381
Case created: 5th Oct 2014
Last edited: 6th Sep 2015
System: Chest
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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