Swirl sign of intracranial haemorrhage

Case contributed by Dr Abeer Ahmed Alhelali

Presentation

Young male brought by ambulance with history of MVA.

Patient Data

Age: 30 years old
Gender: Male
Modality: CT

Subdural haemorrhage surrounding the right cerebral hemisphere with tentorial and falcine extension. Midline structures shifted to the left.

The aforementioned subdural haematoma demonstrates a swirl sign suggesting active bleeding. Minimal left frontal subdural haemorrhage seen.

Right hemispheric cerebral oedema was noted. No cerebral herniation noted.

Case Discussion

The swirl sign is a radiological sign of acute extravasation of blood into a hematoma on non-contrast CT. It represents unclotted fresh blood which has lower attenuation compared to clotted blood, and this is suggestive of active bleeding. 

Active bleeding gives the same appearance of contrast extravasation on CT angiogram but additionally contrast extravasation may be seen as the CTA spot sign.

Special thanks to Dr Tamer Elholiby.

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Case Information

rID: 51419
Case created: 15th Feb 2017
Last edited: 16th Feb 2017
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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