Thrombophlebitis: hypogastric and femoral
Postpartum female with leg swelling.
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An axial CT image through the pelvis and thigh show enlargement of the external iliac and superficial femoral veins of the left leg with a non-enhancing filling defect. Note the filling defect in the hypogastric vein as well. Considerable swelling and edema of the left leg is present as compared to the right. A hematoma is noted in the rectus muscle from the recent cesarean section.
The third image is a venogram obtained with a catheter placed via the common femoral vein. The tip of the catheter is at the level of the knee. Contrast is seen flowing around an intraluminal filling defect.