Thymic rebound hyperplasia

Case contributed by Vitalii Rogalskyi
Diagnosis certain


History of ovary carcinoma. Surgical resection, chemotherapy. Now no complaints.

Patient Data

Age: 40 years
Gender: Female

Thoracic CT


Mediastinum is unremarkable.

CT follow-up, six months later


CT of chest demonstrates thymic hyperplasia with typical distribution, smooth margins and homogenous enhancement. No enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes.

Annotated images

Annotated image

Thymic hyperplasia after six months.

Case Discussion

This case demonstrates post-chemotherapy thymic rebound hyperplasia. It is important not to confuse it with disease progression or lymphadenopathy. 

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