Tuberculous spondylodiscitis with psoas abscess

Case contributed by Dr Shailaja Muniraju

Presentation

Chronic severe back ache, fever and significant weight loss.

Patient Data

Age: 28 years
Gender: Female

There is reduction in the height of L5 with end plate irregularities of L5 and S1.

Obliteration of psoas muscle shadow seen on left side.

Incidental bilateral tubectomy clips identified.

Diffuse marrow edema with end plate erosions and mild compression of inferior end plate of L5/S1. The intervertebral disc space is grossly reduced with secondary loss of internal architecture and signal abnormality. 

Peripherally enhancing anterior epidural space collection seen

L4/L5 level also shows marrow edema with anterior vertebral body erosions. The intervertebral disc shows signal abnormality.

Diffuse marrow edema also seen involving the S2 vertebral body.

Large volume collection with enhancing walls noted to involve the entire left ilio-psoas major muscle. This collection is seen to breach its ipsilateral quadratus lumborum and anterior / middle lumbo-dorsal fascia to extend into the subcutaneous plane. Collection also enters into the prevertebral space from L5 to S2 level.

The left transverse abdominus and internal / external oblique muscle shows intrasubstance hyperintensities, in keeping with edema.

Diffuse marrow edema with end plate erosions and mild compression of inferior end plate of L5/S1. The intervertebral disc space is grossly reduced with secondary loss of internal architecture and signal abnormality. 

Large volume collection with enhancing walls noted to involve the entire left ilio-psoas major muscle. This collection is seen to breach its ipsilateral quadratus lumborum and anterior / middle lumbo-dorsal fascia to extend into the subcutaneous plane. Collection also enters into the prevertebral space from L5 to S2 level.

CT

Post operative imaging

Postoperative images shows significant reduction in the large voluminous ilio-psoas collection.

Special thanks: Dr Nanda Kumar.

Case Discussion

Findings typical of tuberculous spondylodiscitis with an iliopsoas abscess. This is uncommon with the spinal column involved in less than 1% of tuberculosis of cases. 

Early diagnosis and management of spinal tuberculosis is important to prevent neurological deficit.

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Case information

rID: 49052
Case created: 7th Nov 2016
Last edited: 14th Nov 2016
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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