Whipple triad is the clinical presentation of pancreatic insulinoma and consists of:
fasting hypoglycemia (<50 mg/dL)
symptoms of hypoglycemia
immediate relief of symptoms after the administration of IV glucose
History and etymology
The triad and also the Whipple procedure were both named a...
Wilson disease, also known as hepatolenticular degeneration, is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of copper metabolism affecting multiple systems.
Wilson disease is commonly found in Japan. It affects 1 in 30,000-40,000 individuals 12.
Hepatobiliary manifestations of Wilson disease vary largely from fatty changes to cirrhosis and occasionally fulminant hepatic necrosis. They result from accumulation of copper in the liver.
For a general discussion of the underlying condition, please refer to the article Wilson disease.
Wirsungocele refers to a cystic dilatation of the pancreatic duct of Wirsung, which is the portion of ventral duct between the dorsal-ventral junction and major duodenal papilla. It is believed to be analogous to choledochocele and santorinicele.
It may be an incidental f...
Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) is an uncommon inflammatory disease of the gallbladder which may be difficult to differentiate from malignancy, both on imaging and pathologically. It is characterized by presence of multiple intramural nodules.
It is seen predominantly in f...