Pulseless electrical activity is a very disconcerting medical scenario with a very high mortality unless its aetiology can be quickly ascertained and corrected. A mnemonic to remember the different causes of pulseless electrical activity is:
MAD (triple H) CAT
M: massive pulmonary em...
This mnemonic will help with the sonographic approach to the critically ill patient with dyspnoea:
C: collapsed lung (pneumothorax)
absent anterior lung sliding / anterior B lines
lung point present 1
H: heart failure (acute pulmonary oedema)
diffuse bilateral anterior B ...
A mnemonic for surgically-created cardiac shunts for congenital heart disease is:
great flow really would be perfect
The mnemonic is ordered by the position of the shunt antegrade to normal blood flow through the heart, proceeding from the systemic venous system into the right heart, and then...
A mnemonic for the underlying anatomic defects in tetralogy of Fallot is:
P: pulmonary stenosis
R: right ventricular hypertrophy
O: overriding aorta
V: ventricular septal defect