A helpful mnemonic for remembering the features of a Bochdalek hernia is:
B: back and lateral, usually on the left side
B: bad (associated with pulmonary hypoplasia)
To remember the side in which a Bochdalek hernia more commonly occurs (and to co...
A useful mnemonic to remember the possible etiologies of a bone within a bone appearance is:
G: growth arrest lines
H: heavy metals, hypoparathyroidism, hypothyroidism
S: sickle cell anemia, scurvy, syphilis
T: thalassemia, tuberculosis
D: disease o...
A useful mnemonic to remember the complications of pulmonary interstitial emphysema is that the most common ones begin with:
Mnemonics for elbow ossification include CRITOE and CRITOL. These are essentially the same, apart from the terminal letter which represents the External or Lateral epicondyle.
R: radial head
I: internal epicondyle
E: external epicon...
A mnemonic to remember the most important congenital heart defects associated with cyanosis is:
T: tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)
T: transposition of the great arteries (TGA)
T: truncus arteriosus
T: total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR)
T: tricuspid valve abnormalit...
The causes of gracile bones can be recalled with the following mnemonic:
M: muscular dystrophy, e.g. Duchenne muscular dystrophy
R: rheumatoid arthritis (juvenile RA)
O: osteogenesis imperfecta
D: dysplasia, e.g. Ma...
Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis can be characterized on ultrasound by the measurements of the hypertrophic muscle. Although the criteria can vary from publication to publication, an easy way to keep in mind the values is using a mnemonic which relies upon remembering the first digits of the number...
Tumors of the posterior fossa in children can be remembered using the mnemonic:
The mnemonic is not in order of prevalence; pilocytic astrocytomas are most common.
B: brainstem glioma
A: astrocytoma (pilocytic) (85%)
A helpful mnemonic to remember the common clinical features of Potter syndrome is:
P: pulmonary hypoplasia
T: twisted skin (wrinkly skin)
T: twisted face (Potter facies: low set ears, retrognathia, hypertelorism)
E: extremity deformities (limb deformitie...
A useful mnemonic to remember the differential diagnoses associated with right-to-left cardiovascular shunts is:
1: a combination vessel; truncus arteriosus
2: number of arteries involved; transposition of the great arteries
3: "tri-" means 3, the number of leaflets involved; t...
Useful mnemonics for remembering the Salter-Harris classification system are:
Fortunately, this is also the order of prognosis (from best to worse)
S: slipped (type I)
A: above or away from joint (type II)
L: lower (type III)
T: through or transverse or toget...
A mnemonic for surgically-created cardiac shunts for congenital heart disease is:
Great Flow Really Would Be Perfect
The mnemonic is ordered by the position of the shunt antegrade to normal blood flow through the heart, proceeding from the systemic venous system into the right heart, and then...