Articles

Articles are a collaborative effort to provide a single canonical page on all topics relevant to the practice of radiology. As such, articles are written and edited by countless contributing members over a period of time. A global group of dedicated editors oversee accuracy, consulting with expert advisers, and constantly reviewing additions.

101 results found
Article

Vitamin B7

Vitamin B7 (biotin) is a water-soluble vitamin that is a coenzyme for many reactions, including gluconeogenesis and the synthesis of fatty acids and amino acids. Biotin deficiency is caused by dietary insufficiency, pharmacological interactions and, possibly, increased biotinolysis in smokers a...
Article

Vitamin B9

Vitamin B9 (folate or folic acid) is a water-soluble vitamin that is vital for the synthesis of several amino acids, the purines adenosine and guanine and the pyrimidine thymine (three of the four nucleotide bases and hence critical for the synthesis of nucleic acids.) The antimicrobial drug cl...
Article

Vitamin C

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a water soluble vitamin that is a coenzyme for the formation of the structure protein collagen, particularly creating cross-linking of collagen fibres which greatly increases its tensile strength. It also acts as an antioxidant. Related pathology Pathological manif...
Article

Vitamin D

Vitamin D (calciferol) is used to describe a group of five fat-soluble secosteroid vitamins required for the homeostasis of serum calcium and phosphorus. Vitamin D exists in two main forms (vitamers) in humans: ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3).  Vitamin D3 acts by re...
Article

Vitamin E

Vitamin E (the tocopherols) are a group of fat-soluble vitamins that act as an antioxidant. Hypovitaminosis E is rarely seen outside premature infants. Hypervitaminosis E is extremely rare as vitamin E is the least toxic of all the vitamins.
Article

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a family of fat-soluble vitamins essential for normal blood-clotting function and comprises two vitamers that are found naturally: phytomenadione (also known as phylloquinone or K1) and menaquinone (or K2). Menaquinone is synthesised by normal flora in the intestine although the am...
Article

Vitamins

Vitamins are a group of organic compounds used in biochemical pathways. Many are components of coenzymes in particular metabolic reactions. Vitamins are generally not synthesised by the human body and hence must be acquired through the diet. In radiology, there are some imaging manifestations o...
Article

WHO histological classification of tumours of the uterine cervix

The WHO histological classification is a detailed classification of tumours of the uterine cervix. epithelial tumours squamous tumours and precursors squamous cell carcinoma, not otherwise specified - 8070/3 keratinizing - 8071/3 non-keratinizing - 8072/3 basaloid - 8083/3 verrucous - 805...

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