Articles

Articles are a collaborative effort to provide a single canonical page on all topics relevant to the practice of radiology. As such, articles are written and edited by countless contributing members over a period of time. A global group of dedicated editors oversee accuracy, consulting with expert advisers, and constantly reviewing additions.

991 results found
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String sign (bowel)

The gastrointestinal string sign (also known as the string sign of Kantor) refers to the string-like appearance of a contrast-filled bowel loop caused by its severe narrowing. Originally used to describe the reversible narrowing caused by spasms in Crohn disease, it is now used for any severe n...
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String sign (disambiguation)

The string sign may refer to: angiographic string sign gastrointestinal string sign string sign of parosteal osteosarcoma myositis ossificans string sign
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Stuck temporomandibular joint disc

A stuck disc, also called anchored disc phenomenon, refers to a temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc which does not translate anteriorly out of the mandibular fossa onto the articular eminence but rather remains (thus "stuck") in the fossa. It is a form of TMJ dysfunction. Clinical presentation ...
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Subcapsular line sign (intracapsular breast implant rupture)

The subcapsular line sign is a small localized leak from a silicone implant that leads to the formation of a thin layer of silicone between the implant shell and the fibrous capsule. It represents a minimally collapsed intracapsular breast implant rupture. It is best appreciated by MRI.
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Subcoracoid triangle sign

The subcoracoid triangle sign refers to the obliteration of the fat triangle between the coracohumeral ligament (superiorly), coracoid process / coracobrachialis (anterosuperiorly) and glenohumeral joint capsule (posteroinferiorly). It is considered a specific but not sensitive sign for adhesive...
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Subpleural line

Subpleural lines (also known as pleural lines) refers to thin curvilinear opacities, 1-3 mm in thickness, lying less than 1 cm from and parallel to the pleural surface. Etiology dependent atelectasis of normal lung if seen in the dependent posteroinferior portion of the lung of a patient in th...
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Sugar coating

So-called "sugar coating" or zuckerguss (German for sugar icing) refers to the appearance of diffuse linear/sheetlike leptomeningeal contrast enhancement in the brain or spinal cord due to drop metastases or leptomeningeal carcinomatosis. It is seen both as a result of CNS involvement from dista...
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Sulcal effacement

Sulcal effacement is a local secondary sign of mass effect in the cranium. Any lesion exerting mass effect on brain parenchyma can push adjacent gyri together, thereby displacing the CSF from the sulci. It is greatest at the site where the cause of the mass effect is located (e.g. tumor, hemorr...
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Sunburst appearance (bone)

Sunburst or sunray appearance describes two separate findings in the bone: a periosteal reaction and a trabeculation pattern. It should not be confused with the sunburst sign of meningioma vascularity.  Sunburst periosteal reaction reflects aggressive periostitis. The sunburst appearance occurs...
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Sunburst sign (disambiguation)

The evocative appearance of a sunburst has inspired several signs: sunburst appearance (bone) sunburst sign (meningioma) sunburst sign (renal angiomyolipoma)
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Sunburst sign (meningioma)

The sunburst sign refers to the characteristic vascular supply seen in some meningiomas when seen from the side (tangential to the dural attachment). It is the result of the same phenomenon which results in the spoke wheel pattern of vessels (viewed in cross-section, parallel to dural attachment...
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Sunset eye sign

The sunset eye sign (also known as the setting sun phenomenon) is a clinical phenomenon encountered in infants and young children with raised intracranial pressure (seen in up to 40% of children with obstructive hydrocephalus and 13% of children with shunt dysfunction 1).  It consists of an up-...
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Suspected physical abuse

Suspected physical abuse (SPA), also known as non-accidental injury (NAI) or inflicted injury, in infants and young children represents both ethical and legal challenges to treating physicians. Radiologists may be the first clinical staff to suspect non-accidental injuries when confronted with ...
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Swallow tail sign (substantia nigra)

The swallow tail sign describes the normal axial imaging appearance of nigrosome-1 within the substantia nigra on high-resolution T2*/SWI weighted MRI. Terminology Yes, this is one of those annoying signs where its presence is normal. A normal-appearing substantia nigra is reminiscent of a swa...
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Swan neck deformity (fingers)

Swan neck deformity is a musculoskeletal manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis presenting in a digit, with the combination of: hyperextension of a proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint flexion of a distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint Pathology The swan neck deformity characterized by hyperexte...
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Swirl sign (intracranial hemorrhage)

The swirl sign refers to the non-contrast CT appearance of acute extravasation of blood into a hematoma, for example an intracerebral hemorrhage, extradural hematoma or subdural hematoma. It represents unclotted fresh blood which is of lower attenuation than the clotted blood which surrounds it ...
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Swischuk line

The Swischuk line is helpful in differentiating pathological anterior displacement of the cervical spine from physiological displacement, termed pseudosubluxation. Measurement the line is drawn from anterior aspect of posterior arch of C1 to anterior aspect of posterior arch of C3 the anterio...
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Swiss cheese sign (lungs)

The Swiss cheese sign has been used for the appearance on CT of fluid-containing pneumatoceles, that typically occurs following pulmonary lacerations 1. They have also been described on CT appearances where there is pulmonary infection superimposed on emphysema 2. The pneumatocoeles appear as '...
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T1 black holes

T1 black holes are hypointense lesions commonly seen on T1WI in patients with multiple sclerosis, and indicates the chronic stage with white matter destruction, axonal loss and irreversible clinical outcome. There is a correlation between the number of black holes and patient positive outcome 3.
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T2 dark spot sign

T2 dark spot sign is an MRI appearance of endometriomas seen as a result of chronic hemorrhage. The sign is useful in differentiating a solitary endometrioma from a functional hemorrhagic ovarian cyst, as both might show high T1 signal with T2 shading.  The T2 dark spot, described in the sign, ...
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T2-FLAIR mismatch sign

The T2-FLAIR mismatch sign describes the MRI appearance considered highly specific for diffuse astrocytoma (IDH-mutant, 1p/19q-non-codeleted molecular status), as opposed to other lower-grade gliomas. It is particularly helpful in distinguishing a diffuse astrocytoma from an oligodendroglioma th...
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Tadpole sign

The tadpole sign, also known as the lollipop sign, refers to a characteristic morphology of post-traumatic bridging vein thrombosis with a rounded "head" and a tapering "tail". The finding demonstrates a high specificity for abusive head trauma, a sub-type of non-accidental injury, and should wa...
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Tail sign

The tail sign has been described as being specific to Dandy-Walker malformation in fetal MRI.1 It is described as a linear T2 hypointensity in the inferior part of the vermis. Histologically, it corresponds to a thickness of the fourth ventricle roof that appears raised and dysplastic.1 The sp...
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Talar beak sign (talus)

The talar beak sign is seen in cases of tarsal coalition, and refers to a superior projection of the distal aspect of the talus. It is most frequently encountered in talocalcaneal coalition. It is thought to result from abnormal biomechanic stresses at the talonavicular joint.  Terminology The...
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Tam o' Shanter sign (skull)

This imaging sign is named after the Tam o' Shanter, a Scottish hat, named after the character in Robert Burns's 1 poem of the same name. The appearances of advanced Paget disease of the skull are similar in appearance to the hat.  Paget involvement of the skull, with widening of the diploic sp...
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Tangential calcium sign

A tangential calcium sign is a sign seen with an aortic aneurysm rupture. The calcified intimal rim is discontinuous and is seen to tangentially point away from the aneurysmal lumen. This sign is seen at the point of breach. There is associated retroperitoneal leakage.
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Tangent sign

The tangent sign is useful in helping to quantify supraspinatus muscle belly fatty atrophy with a positive sign implicated with a poorer outcome after supraspinatus tendon tear repair. On a sagittal oblique plane, a line is drawn between the upper surface of the scapular spine and the upper sur...
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Target sign (cholangiocarcinoma)

The target sign of cholangiocarcinoma refers to the appearance of intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma on DWI consisting of a centrally hypointense area and peripherally hyperintense rim. The presence of this sign favors cholangiocarcinoma over hepatocellular carcinoma. It is present in ...
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Target sign (choledocholithiasis)

The target sign of choledocholithiasis is a finding seen on contrast-enhanced CT and comprises: central density within the bile duct: stone surrounding low density: bile or mucosa
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Target sign (disambiguation)

There are many bull's eye signs, also referred to as target signs: Gastrointestinal intussusception: see target sign of intussusception barium studies 2 aphthoid ulcers: earliest lesion seen in Crohn disease  gastric lymphoma with central ulceration 4 gastric adenocarcinoma with central ul...
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Target sign (intussusception)

The target sign of intestinal intussusception, also known as the doughnut sign or bull's eye sign. The appearance is generated by concentric alternating echogenic and hypoechoic bands. The echogenic bands are formed by mucosa and muscularis whereas the submucosa is responsible fo the hypoechoi...
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Target sign (pyloric stenosis)

The target sign of pyloric stenosis is a sign seen due to hypertrophied hypoechoic muscle surrounding echogenic mucosa, seen in pyloric stenosis. This is likened to that of a target. See also antral nipple sign (pyloric stenosis) cervix sign (pyloric stenosis) shoulder sign (pyloric stenosis)
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Target sign (tuberculosis)

The target sign of tuberculosis refers to the bull's eye appearance of some parenchymal tuberculomas involving the brain (see: CNS tuberculosis) and solid abdominal organs (see: hepatic and splenic tuberculosis) on cross-sectional imaging.  Radiographic features Ultrasound hypoechoic nodules ...
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Tattoo sign (mammogram)

The tattoo sign is a feature given to describe dermal calcifications seen on mammography 1. The basis of this sign is that dermal calcifications maintain fixed relationships to one another that are reproducible with similar projections at different times. This is in contrast to intramammary calc...
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Tau sign

The tau sign represents the appearance of a persistent primitive trigeminal artery on the sagittal plane of an angiogram or on sagittal MRI images. It resembles the Greek letter τ, pronounced 'tau', and is equivalent to the modern day 'T' in the Latin alphabet. The persistent trigeminal artery ...
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Teardrop sign (ankle)

The ankle teardrop sign is one of the radiological signs of an ankle joint effusion. It represents the presence of excess fluid in the inferior part of the anterior compartment of the ankle. Pathology Etiology trauma gout rheumatoid arthritis synovitis septic arthritis Radiographic featu...
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Teardrop sign (intracapsular breast implant rupture)

The teardrop sign indicates an uncollapsed intracapsular breast implant rupture and is seen as a small focal invagination of the implant shell caused by a minimal concealed leak of droplets of silicone outside the shell where the two membranes contact each other. It is best appreciated by MRI. ...
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Teardrop sign (superior mesenteric vein)

The teardrop sign of the superior mesenteric vein is one of the important signs in the local staging of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Its importance lies in its diagnostic, as well as prognostic, significance. This sign is used in assessing the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Radiographic feat...
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Tectal beaking (midbrain)

Tectal beaking refers to the fusion of the midbrain colliculi into a single beak pointing posteriorly and invaginating into the cerebellum. It is seen with a Chiari type II malformation. Terminology The term bird beak sign is used in a number of other contexts: see bird beak sign (disambiguati...
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Telephone receiver deformity

A telephone receiver deformity is a characteristic bowing of the shaft of the long bones, usually the humeri or femora, seen in thanatophoric dysplasia.
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Telltale triangle sign

The telltale triangle sign, also known as the triangle sign or telltale triangle, is a radiographic sign seen on plain abdominal radiographs in a supine, cross table lateral or decubitus view that signifies presence of pneumoperitoneum, of any cause 1,2. It describes the appearance of a radiolu...
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Temporal tap maneuver

Temporal tap maneuver consists in tapping over the ipsilateral superficial temporal artery while assessing the carotid bifurcation on Doppler ultrasound aiming to produce a reflected flow in the external carotid artery (ECA) and thus helping to distinguish which vessel is being assessed: externa...
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Tensile gallbladder fundus sign

The tensile gallbladder fundus sign is positive when the gallbladder fundus is seen to bulge into, and distort, the anterior abdominal wall and is a feature of acute cholecystitis. It is particularly useful as an early sign of the condition on CT as it has around a 75% sensitivity and 95% speci...
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Tent sign (breast)

The tent sign is a term referring to a characteristic appearance of the posterior edge of the breast parenchyma when a mass (usually an infiltrating lesion) causes its retraction and forms an inverted "V" that resembles the tip of a circus tent. The detection of a "tent sign" is facilitated by ...
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Terry-Thomas sign

The Terry-Thomas sign refers to an increase in the scapholunate space on an AP radiograph of the wrist (or coronal CT). The increased distance indicates scapholunate dissociation (often with rotary subluxation of the scaphoid) due to ligamentous injury. There is no consensus as to what measureme...
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Thimble bladder

Thimble bladder​ is a descriptive term for extreme fibrosis and contracture of the bladder walls, resulting in a tiny bladder. The term is usually used to describe changes from advanced genitourinary tuberculosis.
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Thin postcentral gyrus sign

The thin postcentral gyrus sign is an anatomic landmark useful for identifying the central sulcus on cross-sectional imaging. The anteroposterior dimension of the postcentral gyrus surface is less than that of the precentral gyrus surface, as seen in the axial or sagittal planes. Identifying tw...
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Third mogul sign

The third mogul sign can be seen on frontal chest radiograph in the presence of left atrial enlargement. It refers to an extra mogul or bump along the upper left cardiac silhouette just below the left main bronchus. The third mogul sign commonly represents the enlarged left atrial appendage, pa...
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Thoracic spine sign (ultrasound)

The thoracic spine sign, or spine sign, on lung ultrasound is an indirect indicator of the presence of a pleural effusion or hemothorax. It represents the visualization of the vertebral bodies in the thoracic cavity above the diaphragm which are usually not seen unless there is a fluid collectio...
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Thoracoabdominal sign

Thoracoabdominal sign, a variation of the silhouette sign, is a frontal chest radiograph sign which helps to localize a thoracic lesion. Since the posterior costophrenic sulcus is more caudal than the anterior lung, a thoracic lesion must be posterior if its caudal end is visible below the dome...
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Threads and streaks sign

The threads and streaks sign refers to an angiographic appearance of a vascularized tumor thrombus extending into the ipsilateral renal vein or the inferior vena cava from a renal cell carcinoma. This gives an appearance of linear, thread-like or string-like appearance of the involved vessel.  ...
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Three line sign (common bile duct)

The three line sign refers to an MRI term that describes the appearance of roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides within the CBD lumen which appears as two hypointense lines representing the worm walls and hyperintense center which represents the worm gut. See also biliary ascariasis
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Throckmorton sign (pelvis)

Throckmorton sign, also known as John Thomas sign, refers to when the penis points in the direction of unilateral disease, typically of the pelvis or hip.  Throckmorton sign is a slang term used humorously by medical students and residents. According to the first serious study of the sign publ...
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Thrombus fissuration sign (aortic aneurysm)

Thrombus fissuration is a sign of impending rupture of an aortic aneurysm. It reflects blood dissecting into the intramural thrombus. This sign is observed on contrast-enhanced CT as a linear contrast infiltration from the aneurysm lumen through the intramural thrombus. Thrombus fissurations ext...
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Thumbprinting

Thumbprinting is a radiographic sign of large bowel wall thickening, usually caused by edema, related to an infective or inflammatory process (colitis). The normal haustra become thickened at regular intervals appearing like thumbprints projecting into the aerated lumen. Pathology Etiology Th...
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Thumb sign (chordoma)

The thumb sign or thumbing of the pons is described in chordomas as is meant to be relatively specific. It is seen in midline sagittal projection as a projection of the tumor indenting the pons 1,2. See also thumb sign (disambiguation)
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Thumb sign (disambiguation)

The term thumb sign is used to refer to a number of separate radiological appearances, including:  thumb sign (Marfan disease) - a clinical sign thumb sign (epiglottitis) thumb sign (chordoma)
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Thumb sign (epiglottitis)

The thumb sign in epiglottitis is a manifestation of an edematous and enlarged epiglottis which is seen on lateral soft-tissue radiograph of the neck, and it suggests a diagnosis of acute infectious epiglottitis. This is the radiographic corollary of the omega sign 1-3. See also Thumb sign is ...
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Thurstan Holland fragment

The Thurstan Holland fragment (or Thurstan Holland sign) is an eponymous radiological sign depicting a triangular portion of the metaphysis remaining with the epiphysis in a physeal fracture. This fragment indicates that a type 2 Salter-Harris fracture has occurred 1. History and etymology It...
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Thymic notch sign

The thymic notch sign represents the normal thymus in a newborn on a frontal chest radiograph. Interruption of the cardiac silhouette forms a notch, which may be seen on either side, but more frequently is seen on the left side.   See also thymic sail sign thymic wave sign  
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Thymic sail sign

The thymic sail sign represents a triangular-shaped inferior margin of the normal thymus seen on a neonatal frontal chest radiograph. It is more commonly seen on the right side, but can also be bilateral. It is seen in 3-15% of all cases. This sign should not be confused with the spinnaker sail ...
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Thymic wave sign

Thymic wave sign refers to the indentation of the normal thymus in young children by the ribs, resulting in a wavy border on chest radiograph.  There are at least 3 described signs relating to a normal thymus in infants; thymic sail sign, thymic notch sign and thymic wave sign. Being able to id...
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Thyroid inferno

Thyroid inferno refers to the color Doppler appearance of the thyroid gland in active Graves disease (inclusive of variants such as Marine-Lenhart syndrome) and consists of multiple small areas of color flow seen diffusely throughout the gland representing increased vascularity and arteriovenous...
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Tiger stripe appearance

The tiger stripe appearance refers to the characteristic alternating hypo and hyperintense bands on MRI in Lhermitte-Duclos disease. This rare cerebellar tumor appears like the coat of a tiger. See also tigroid pattern - in brain
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Tilted telephone receiver sign

The tilted telephone receiver sign (TTRS) has been described as a specific imaging feature of PHACES syndrome in fetal MRI 1 On the coronal plane, the TTRS sign is described as: upward displaced unilateral hypoplastic cerebellar hemisphere; asymmetric dilated 4th ventricle connected to as ips...
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Tip of the iceberg sign (ovarian dermoid cyst)

Tip of the iceberg sign refers to one of the characteristic appearances of an ovarian dermoid cyst. If there are echogenic cyst contents of sebum and hair, they cause marked posterior acoustic attenuation so that only the superficial part of the cyst is seen. Just like an iceberg, you may only b...
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Tit sign (pyloric stenosis)

The tit sign of pyloric stenosis is seen on barium studies as an outpouching of the lesser curve of the stomach proximal to the impression of the hypertrophied pyloric muscle. It represents the transient trap of contrast medium between a peristaltic wave and the thickened, hypertrophied pyloric...
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Tombstone iliac wings

Tombstone iliac wings, also referred to as Mickey Mouse ears pelvis 1, are an imaging descriptor for the iliac wings of individuals with achondroplasia. These are seen to be small and squared and have been likened to the appearance of tombstones or the ears of Mickey Mouse.
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Toothpaste sign

The toothpaste sign in spinal imaging represents an extrusion of an intervertebral disc into the epidural space. It is called after the shape of extruded material relatively to the parent disc in a sagittal plane.
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Track sign (femur)

The track sign is the presence of two sclerotic lines, running parallel to the long axis of the bone, on a frontal radiograph of the femur. It represents visualization of the linea aspera-pilaster complex, an anatomic variant 1. The linea aspera is the roughened vertical ridge of bone which run...
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Tram-track sign (bone)

The tram-track sign is sometimes seen on delayed bone scan images. They can appear as symmetric linear increase in tracer accumulation along diaphyseal and metaphyseal surfaces of long bones. Corresponding to similar periosteal reaction seen on radiographs. Bone scan findings precede radiographi...
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Tram-track sign (brain)

Tram-track sign in the brain refers to the parallel calcification of the cortex in patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome 1.  It should not be confused with other tram-track signs elsewhere in the body. 
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Tram-track sign (chest)

Tram-track sign may be used in chest radiography or CT to denote the thickened non-tapering (parallel) walls of cylindrical bronchiectasis. It should not be confused with other tram-track signs elsewhere in the body. 
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Tram-track sign (disambiguation)

Tram-track sign may refer to a variety of appearances characterized by near-parallel lines in a number of contexts and regions including: tram-track sign (brain): cortical calcification in Sturge-Weber syndrome tram-track sign (orbit): e.g. optic nerve meningioma tram-track sign (chest): thic...
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Tram-track sign (orbit)

Tram-track sign refers to the parallel thickening and enhancement around the optic nerve, and is most frequently seen in the setting of optic nerve meningioma. It may, however, also be seen in 1: orbital pseudotumor perioptic neuritis orbital sarcoidosis orbital leukemia orbital lymphoma o...
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Transient ischemic dilatation

Transient ischemic dilatation (TID) is a paradoxical phenomenon seen in myocardial perfusion SPECT imaging.   With severe balanced coronary artery disease, myocardial ischemia may result in apparent enlargement of the left ventricular cavity during stress. The cause of this is not entirely clea...
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Transmantle sign (brain)

The transmantle sign is an MRI feature of focal cortical dysplasia (FCD), almost exclusively seen in type II focal cortical dysplasia (Taylor dysplasia - also known as transmantle cortical dysplasia for this reason). However, it is not always present, seen in ~45% (range 21-72%) of patients with...
Article

Tree-in-bud sign (lung)

Tree-in-bud sign or pattern describes the CT appearance of multiple areas of centrilobular nodules with a linear branching pattern. Although initially described in patients with endobronchial tuberculosis, it is now recognized in a large number of conditions. Pathology Pathogenesis Simply put...
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Trethowan sign

The Trethowan sign is used to diagnose slipped capital femoral epiphysis (also called slipped upper femoral epiphysis). In this sign, the line of Klein passes above the femoral head. It is best done on both AP and true lateralcit projections. On the AP view of a normal hip, the Klein line inter...
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Triangular cord sign (biliary atresia)

The triangular cord sign is a triangular or tubular echogenic cord of fibrous tissue seen in the porta hepatis at ultrasonography and is relatively specific for the diagnosis of biliary atresia 1,2. This sign is useful in the evaluation of infants with cholestatic jaundice, helping in the diffe...
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Trident acetabulum

Trident acetabulum is an appearance which can be seen in several skeletal dysplasias 1. It is characterized by small bony spurs at the medial and lateral acetabular margins with a more subtle central spur, resembling a trident, the three-pronged spear of classical Greece 1.  The appearance has...
Article

Trident appearance (disambiguation)

The trident appearance (or sign) can refer to a variety of entities: trident acetabulum trident hand trident sign (osmotic demyelination) trident sign (persistent trigeminal artery) History and etymology The trident is a three-pronged lance employed for spearing fish, and in Classical myth...
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Trident hand

A trident hand is a description where the hands are short with stubby fingers, with a separation between the middle and ring fingers. It may be used for the clinical appearance of the hand or the appearance on imaging, particularly reminiscent of a trident on fetal ultrasound 5. It can be seen ...
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Trident sign (osmotic demyelination)

The trident sign (a.k.a. omega sign) describes the typical appearances of the pons in osmotic demyelination syndrome, whereby the symmetrical high T2/FLAIR signal abnormality centrally in the pons is shaped like a trident, the three-pronged spear of classical Greece 1. The predominant involvemen...
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Trident sign (persistent primitive trigeminal artery)

The trident sign of a persistent primitive trigeminal artery refers to the appearance of the intracranial circulation on lateral projection. The internal carotid artery, the abnormal vessel and superior portion of the basilar artery resemble the Greek letter tau (thus tau sign). This configurati...
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Triple bubble sign

The triple bubble sign is the classic radiographic appearance observed in jejunal atresia 1,2. The appearance is due to a proximal obstruction caused by the atretric jejunum. It is equivalent to the double bubble sign, but a third bubble is seen because of proximal jejunal distention.
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Troisier sign

Troisier sign is the clinical finding of a hard and enlarged left supraclavicular node (Virchow node), and is considered a sign of metastatic abdominal malignancy. Terminology It is sometimes referred to as the Virchow node, which is the name given by Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902) 6, a German pat...
Article

Trough line sign

The trough line sign is a sign of posterior shoulder dislocation on AP shoulder radiograph.  Pathology In a posterior dislocation, the anterior aspect of the humeral head becomes impacted against the posterior glenoid rim. With sufficient force, this causes a compression fracture on the anteri...
Article

Trousseau sign

Trousseau sign of latent tetany (not to be confused with Trousseau syndrome) is highly specific for hypocalcemia 1. It may be elicited by placing a blood pressure cuff over the upper arm and inflating to above systolic pressure for 2-3 minutes. This reduces arterial supply to the forearm. The is...
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Trumpeted internal acoustic meatus sign

A trumpeted internal acoustic meatus (IAM) is an indirect sign of a vestibular schwannoma and is useful in helping to differentiate between one and other cerebellopontine angle entities, especially from a meningioma which typically does not extend into the meatus and is more often associated wit...
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T sign (disambiguation)

The T sign has been described in several different pathologies: T sign (obstetrics) upper T sign (brain) lower T sign (brain)
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T-sign (MRI of the elbow)

The T-sign in an MRI of the elbow is seen on coronal T2 or fat-saturated intermediate density-weighted images and refers to the interposition of joint fluid between ulnar insertion of the ulnar collateral ligament and the sublime tubercle and indicates a partial undersurface tear of the distal a...
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T sign (obstetrics)

The "T sign" is really the absence of a twin-peak sign (or lambda (λ) sign) and is used in ultrasound assessment of a multifetal pregnancy. It refers to the lack of chorion extending between the layers of the intertwin membrane, denoting a monochorionic pregnancy. The intertwin membrane comes t...

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