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Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (staging)

Both endocrine and exocrine tumours of the pancreas are now staged by a single pancreatic staging system. Staging of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is with the TNM system, and as a majority of tumours are not-resectable, this is mostly achieved with imaging (typically CT scan) although laparo...

PRETEXT grouping system of paediatric liver tumours

The PRETEXT system propsed by the International Childhood Liver Tumours Strategy Group (previously called Société Internationale d’Oncologie Pédiatrique - Epithelial Liver Tumour Study Group - SIOPEL) aims for staging and risk stratification of liver tumours at diagnoisis.  It's used to descr...

Primary fallopian tube carcinoma (staging)

The staging used for primary fallopian tubal carcinoma is the FIGO system and is as follows: stage I: limited to fallopian tubes stage Ia: limited to lining of one fallopian tube (intraluminal) stage Ib: limited to inner linings of both tubes (intraluminal) stage Ic: invasion beyond the inne...

Primary urethral cancer (staging)

Primary urethral cancer staging often uses the TNM system and is as follows: TNM staging Primary tumour staging (T) Tx: primary tumour cannot be assessed T0: no evidence of primary tumour Tis: carcinoma in situ Ta: non-invasive papillary, polypoid, or verrucous carcinoma T1: invasion of s...

Prostate cancer (staging)

Prostate cancer staging can be thought of in terms of physical location or grading histologically. The TNM classification is used to determine spread, and the Gleason score is used to determine the histological type. Another staging system is the Jewett-Whitmore staging system. Additionally, th...

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