The staging of primary vaginal cancer covers for all histological sub types and is as follows
FIGO staging system
stage 0: carcinoma in situ
stage I: tumour confined to vagina
stage II: invasion of paravaginal tissues but no extension beyond pelvic side walls
stage III: extension to pelvic ...
Varicocele grading can be done variably. The most elaborate and accepted grading was given by Sarteschi, which is briefed below.
For a general discussion of this condition refer to the article: varicocele.
first do a baseline grey scale study in supine position and measure the dia...
Visceral pleural invasion is a feature that can be seen in lung cancers. It is defined as tumour extension beyond the elastic layer of the visceral pleura. It is considered an aggressive sign and one of the most important adverse prognostic factors in non-small cell lung cancers 1.
Staging of vulval cancer is the FIGO staging system and is as follows:
stage 0: carcinoma in situ (pre-invasive); corresponds to Tis
stage I: tumour <2cm (greatest dimension) and confined to vulva/perineum; corresponds to T1
stage Ia: stromal invasion by <1mm
Stage Ib: stromal invasion by >1...