Identify the procedure
Name two renal fusion anomalies
1) Horseshoe kidney 2) Crossed fused renal ectopia
Horseshoe kidney is caused most commonly by fusion of which poles?
Lower (90% of cases)
Known complications of horseshoe kidney
Patient is predisposed to renal calculus disease, malignancy and high risk of renal trauma
Right flank pain. Ultrasound was unremarkable, however a horseshoe anomaly detected.