Tumor thrombus in right atrium, IVC and right renal vein: from renal cell carcinoma


Filling defects in an atrial cavity may be due to bland thrombus, tumor thrombus, an atrial myxoma, a metastasis and lymphoma. The commonest primary atrial tumor is a myxoma.

Tumor thrombus can be differentiated from bland thrombus using CT arteriography or FDG PET imaging.

Atrial metastasis is uncommon, the primary site maybe melanoma or a primary renal cancer.

Atrial thrombus resulting from IVC extension is most commonly seen when a renal cancer involves the renal vein and IVC.

Primary leiomyosarcoma of the IVC may also involve the right atrium.