Ruptured orbital dermoid cyst


This case illustrates an orbital dermoid cyst complicated by rupture and acute inflammation. 

Orbital dermoid usually presents as a painless subcutaneous mass.

If the cyst ruptures, either spontaneously or with trauma, a pronounced inflammatory response will occur that may mimic orbital cellulitis or inflammatory rhabdomyosarcoma. The inflammation may be suppressed by corticosteroids, but excision is required to prevent recurrence.

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