Acute severe hepatic encephalopathy


An example of acute severe hepatic encephalopathy showing the classic pattern of diffuse cortical edema with sparing of the perirolandic and occipital regions. The typical T1 hyperintense basal ganglia changes of chronic hepatic encephalopathy are also demonstrated. 

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease would be an important differential to consider for cortical and thalamic signal changes like this in the absence of any known liver disease, although in this case the perirolandic and occipital lobe sparing is relatively pathognomonic of hepatic encephalopathy.