Respiratory distress syndrome with pneumothorax

Discussion:

Premature neonates are at risk of developing respiratory distress syndrome (also known as hyaline membrane disease) secondary to insufficient production of surfactant in the lungs.

Assisted ventilation can be difficult in these cases. There is an increased risk of barotrauma which may manifest as pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum or pulmonary interstitial emphysema. 

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