Hepatocellular carcinoma

Discussion:

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in young adults is commonly seen due to perinatal HBV infections or metabolic disorders.

Most hepatocellular carcinomas measure less than 2 cm. If they are larger than these, they tend to be more aggressive and with a greater risk of vascular inasion as well as metastasis.

The prognosis depends on the stage in which it is diagnosed, however, the patient who presents symptoms has a poor short-term prognosis with a survival rate of 10% at 5 years.

In the early stages of HCC, resection is the best choice of action. For advanced to moderate stages of HCC TACE may be more beneficial. A liver transplant can also be an effective treatment; however, more research on this treatment is needed.

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