NEURO: Intra-axial masses

Playlist contributed by Dr Chris Newman
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Intra-axial masses

Hemisphere:

  • Glial series neoplasms
    • Oligodendroglioma
    • Astrocytoma
    • Glioblastoma (high-grade glioma)
  • Lymphoma (periventricular)
  • Metastases (grey-white matter junction)

Temporal lobe in young patients:

  • Ganglioglioma
  • DNET
  • PXA

Sella/supra-sella region:

  • Pituitary adenoma
  • Craniopharyngioma (papillary = adults, adimantinomatous = children)
  • Rathke's cyst (intra-cystic nodule virtually pathognomonic)
  • Pituitary metastasis
  • Neuro-sarcoidosis

Brainstem:

  • Brainstem glioma

Pineal Region:

  • Pineocytoma
  • Pineoblastoma
  • Pineal Germinoma

Cerebellum/Posterior Fossa:

  • Pilocytic Astrocytoma (cyst with a mural nodule child)
  • Haemangioblastoma (cyst with a mural nodule adult)
  • Medulloblastoma
  • Metastasis (grey-white matter junction)

Other:

  • Embryonal Tumours