Search results for “cerebral atrophy”

141 results found
Case

Pneumosinus dilatans frontalis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Olumuyiwa Ifedayo Ajayi
Published 10 Sep 2019
95% complete
MRI
Article

Sneddon syndrome

Sneddon syndrome is a type of systemic non-inflammatory vasculopathy characterized by livedo reticularis and progressive and occlusive cerebrovascular thrombosis involving the medium-sized arteries.  Clinical presentation livedo reticularis as a skin manifestation  progressive cerebral stroke...
Article

Scoliosis

Scoliosis is defined as an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine. It is quite common in young individuals and is often idiopathic and asymptomatic. In some cases, however, it is the result of underlying structural or neurological abnormalities.  Terminology By definition, scoliosis is any la...
Article

Leukodystrophies

The leukodystrophies are a heterogeneous group of disorders that primarily affect the white matter of the central nervous system. They are particularly encountered in childhood as many are genetically determined and represent abnormalities in white matter metabolism. A number of leukodystrophies...
Article

Medical abbreviations and acronyms (M)

This article contains a list of commonly used medical abbreviations and acronyms that start with the letter M and may be encountered in medicine and radiology (please keep the main list and any sublists in alphabetic order). A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R ...
Article

Visual agnosia

Visual agnosia is a special type of agnosia where patients are unable to recognize objects despite having knowledge about them and being able to visually perceive them. It typically occurs when there is damage to the ventral occipitotemporal pathway, such as in posterior cerebral atrophy (Benso...
Case

Vein of Galen malformation

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Mahmoud Yacout Alabd
Published 02 Nov 2015
92% complete
MRI
Article

Hot cross bun sign (pons)

The hot cross bun sign refers to the MRI appearance of the pons in a variety of neurodegenerative diseases.  T2 hyperintensity forms a cross on axial images through the pons, representing selective degeneration of pontocerebellar tracts. It has been described in 1: multiple system atrophy (MSA...
Article

Dementia with Lewy bodies

Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), also known as Lewy body disease, is a neurodegenerative disease (a synucleinopathy to be specific) related to Parkinson disease (PD). It is reported as the second most common form of dementia following Alzheimer disease (AD), accounting for 15-20% of cases at aut...
Article

Moyamoya disease

Moyamoya disease is an idiopathic, non-inflammatory, non-atherosclerotic progressive vasculo-occlusive disease involving the circle of Willis, typically the supraclinoid internal carotid arteries.  Terminology The term moyamoya disease should be reserved for an idiopathic, sometimes familial, ...
Article

Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis

Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis is an autosomal recessive lipid storage disorder caused by defects in sterol-27-hydroxylase enzyme in bile acid synthesis. This leads to early cataract formation, atherosclerosis, hypercholesterolemia, and tendinous xanthomas.  Clinical presentation Clinically ce...
Article

Tuberous sclerosis

Tuberous sclerosis, also known as tuberous sclerosis complex or Bourneville disease, is a neurocutaneous disorder (phakomatosis) characterized by the development of multiple benign tumors of the embryonic ectoderm (e.g. skin, eyes, and nervous system). Epidemiology Tuberous sclerosis has an in...
Article

Congenital cytomegalovirus infection

Congenital cytomegalovirus infections result from intra-uterine fetal infection by cytomegalovirus (CMV).  Epidemiology CMV is the most common cause of intra-uterine infection and the most common cause of congenital infective and brain damage, occurring in 0.2-2.4% of live births.  Antibodies...
Article

Kabuki syndrome

Kabuki syndrome (Niikawa-Kuroki syndrome) is a rare polydysplasia that is thought to be more common in Japan. Epidemiology Estimated incidence of 1:32,000 in Japan. Sporadically seen elsewhere in the world. The reason for the disparity in incidence is controversial. Clinical presentation cha...
Article

Incontinentia pigmenti

Incontinentia pigmenti, also known as Bloch-Sulzberger syndrome, is a rare condition that can affect many body systems, especially the skin. As an X-linked dominant genetic disorder, it occurs much more often in females than in males. Epidemiology Incontinentia pigmenti is rare and the true pr...
Article

Dyke-Davidoff-Masson syndrome

Dyke-Davidoff-Masson syndrome (DDMS) is a condition characterized by hemicerebral atrophy/hypoplasia secondary to brain insult usually in fetal or early childhood period and is accompanied by ipsilateral compensatory osseous hypertrophy and contralateral hemiparesis. It is characterized by: th...
Article

Hypomelanosis of Ito

Hypomelanosis of Ito, also known as incontinentia pigmentiachromians, is the third most frequent phakomatosis, involving a wide spectrum of defects in multiple organ systems. Epidemiology The prevalence is unknown, being reported as between 1 per 8000 patients in a general pediatric hospital 3...
Article

Limbic-predominant age-related TDP-43 encephalopathy

Limbic-predominant age-related TDP-43 encephalopathy (LATE) is a common neurodegenerative disorder of elderly adults (usually >80 years old). It manifests clinically as amnestic dementia and pathologically as TDP-43 proteinopathy in limbic system structures such as the hippocampus. Terminology ...
Case

HIV encephalopathy

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Pavan Borra
Published 03 Jun 2019
77% complete
MRI
Case

Isolated cerebellar atrophy

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Servet Kahveci
Published 02 Jan 2019
77% complete
MRI

Updating… Please wait.

 Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

 Thank you for updating your details.