Search results for “cerebral atrophy”

142 results found
Article

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a spongiform encephalopathy that results in a rapidly progressive dementia and other non-specific neurological features and death usually within a year or less from onset. The vast majority are sporadic, but familial and acquired forms are also occasionally enc...
Article

Celiac disease

Celiac disease, also known as non-tropical sprue, is the most common gluten-related disorder and is a T-cell mediated autoimmune chronic gluten intolerance condition characterized by a loss of villi in the proximal small bowel and gastrointestinal malabsorption (sprue). It should always be cons...
Article

Scoliosis

Scoliosis is defined as an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine. It is quite common in young individuals and is often idiopathic and asymptomatic. In some cases, however, it is the result of underlying structural or neurological abnormalities.  Terminology By definition, scoliosis is any la...
Article

Autoimmune glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) astrocytopathy

Autoimmune glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) astrocytopathy, or simply GFAP astrocytopathy, is a rare inflammatory central nervous system (CNS) disorder. Epidemiology Given the rarity of the condition, epidemiological data pertaining to autoimmune GFAP astrocytopathy are not well establishe...
Article

Anorexia nervosa (CNS manifestations)

CNS manifestations of anorexia nervosa are common but varied with most of the imaging features non-specific in their own right.  For a general discussion, and for links to other system specific manifestations, please refer to the article on anorexia nervosa. Epidemiology Studies have identifi...
Article

Twin reversed arterial perfusion

Twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence is a rare complication of monochorionic pregnancies. It develops when the following conditions are present: 1. lack of a well formed heart in one of the twins (so-called acardiac twin), and 2. a superficial artery to artery placental anastomosis...
Article

HTLV-1-associated myelopathy

HTLV-1-associated myelopathy (also known as tropical spastic paraparesis) is primarily seen in Japan, Melanesia and the Caribbean and presents with chronic spastic paraparesis.  Terminology This condition has been independently described in Japan (HTLV-1 associated myelopathy) and in the Carib...
Playlist

Evolution of cerebral infarction: oedema to laminar necrosis and haemorrhagic transformation then to atrophy

1 case

No description provided

Playlist

Evolution of cerebral infarction: oedema to laminar necrosis and haemorrhagic transformation then to atrophy

1 case

No description provided

Article

Non-ketotic hyperglycemic seizure

Non-ketotic hyperglycemic seizures are one of the neurological complications of non-ketotic hyperglycemia, along with non-ketotic hyperosmolar coma and non-ketotic hyperglycemic hemichorea.  Epidemiology Seizures in the context of non-ketotic hyperglycemia are most frequently reported in middl...
Article

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (CNS manifestations)

The central nervous system (CNS) is an uncommonly involved organ system in Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). Involvement of the CNS is related but distinct from involvement of the skull base or craniofacial structures, which are discussed separately in the article skeletal manifestations of L...
Case

Isolated cerebellar atrophy

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Servet Kahveci
Published 02 Jan 2019
77% complete
MRI
Case

Subdural hygroma

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Bita Abbasi
Published 27 Dec 2012
92% complete
MRI
Case

Frontotemporal lobar degeneration with caudate atrophy

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Charlie Chia-Tsong Hsu
Published 01 Nov 2012
62% complete
CTAnnotated image
Case

Fahr disease

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 27 Apr 2015
50% complete
CT
Article

Superficial siderosis

Superficial siderosis is a rare condition which results from the deposition of hemosiderin along the leptomeninges, with eventual neurological dysfunction. On imaging, it is classically characterized on MRI as a rim of low signal coating the surface of the brain or spinal cord, particularly not...
Article

Arteriosclerosis

Arteriosclerosis is defined by thickening and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls. There are three patterns (arteriosclerosis is used as a generic term for all patterns above): atherosclerosis: large and medium-sized arteries Mönckeberg medial calcific sclerosis: muscular arteries arter...
Article

Adult-onset leukoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids and pigmented glia

Adult-onset leukoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids and pigmented glia (ALSP), also known as hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids (HDLS) and pigmentary orthochromatic leukodystrophy (POLD), refers to a rare inherited autosomal dominant disease characterized by an adult-onset l...
Article

Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric disorder characterized by distorted self-perception of body weight leading to starvation, obsession with remaining underweight, and an excessive fear of gaining weight. One in five patients with anorexia dies, due to complications of the disease. Epidemiology ...
Case

Wallerian degeneration

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Amr Farouk
Published 14 Sep 2017
94% complete
MRI

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