Search results for “COPD”

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784 results found
Article

COPD (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is defined as a condition characterized by persistent air flow limitation that is usually progressive and associated with an enhanced chronic inflammatory response in the airways...
Case

Pulmonary tuberculosis with COPD

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Prashant Mudgal
Published 05 Nov 2015
95% complete
CT
Article

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) represents a spectrum of obstructive airway diseases. It includes two key components which are chronic bronchitis-small airways disease and emphysema.  Epidemiology The most common cause has historically been, and unfortunately continues to be, smok...
Case

COPD - bronchial collateral circulation

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Dinesh Brand
Published 15 Nov 2018
77% complete
CT
Case

Spontaneous pneumothorax secondary to COPD

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 05 Dec 2016
92% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Severe COPD and pectus excavatum

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 07 Sep 2015
94% complete
X-ray
Case

Very large bulla on background of COPD

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Andrew Mark
Published 15 Jan 2017
91% complete
X-ray
Article

COLD syndrome

COLD syndrome is the acronym for the concurrent diagnosis of Cowden syndrome and Lhermitte-Duclos disease. It has been suggested that COLD syndrome should be considered a phakomatosis 1. 
Article

Coup de poignard of Michon

Coup de poignard of Michon refers to spinal subarachnoid hemorrhage, usually as a result of a spinal AVM. Presentation is with sudden excruciating back pain, akin to being stabbed with a dagger (poignard = french for dagger). It is the corollary of the thunderclap headache.
Article

FEV1/FVC ratio

The FEV1/FVC ratio (FEV1%), also known as the Tiffeneau-Pinelli index, is a spirometric parameter and refers to a calculated ratio which represents the proportion of a patients vital capacity that they are able to expire in the first second of forced expiration. FEV1% is used in the diagnosis a...
Article

Pseudopneumomediastinum

Pseudopneumomediastinum is the false impression, usually on a chest x-ray, of pneumomediastinum. Correctly identifying pneumomediastinum is important, but making the diagnosis in error may lead to further unnecessary investigation and possible treatment. Causes include: Mach band superimposed...
Article

Tethered cord

Tethered spinal cord syndrome, also known as an occult spinal dysraphism sequence, is a neurological disorder caused by tissue attachments that limit the movement of the spinal cord within the spinal column. Clinical presentation The condition is closely linked to spina bifida, and as such pre...
Article

Umbilical cord

The umbilical cord is a fetal organ that connects the placenta to the developing fetus and is a vital passage for nutrients, oxygen and waste products to and from the fetus.  The umbilical cord inserts into the center of the placental bulk and into the fetus at the umbilicus. Variations in inse...
Article

Spinal cord

The spinal cord is the part of the central nervous system that is found within the spinal canal of the vertebral column. It is contained by the thecal sac, a continuation of the intracranial dura matter, and extends from the corticomedullary junction at the foramen magnum of the skull down to th...
Article

Spermatic cord

The spermatic cord is the tubular structure that suspends the testes and epididymis.  Gross anatomy Course The spermatic cord starts at the deep inguinal ring, passes through the inguinal canal and exits at the superficial inguinal ring into the scrotum 3. In the scrotum, the spermatic cord t...
Article

Reid index

Reid index is a pathological measurement of mucosal gland proliferation in chronic bronchitis. It is assessed by comparing the thickness of the mucous glandular tissue versus the distance from epithelium to the level of cartilage. An index of < 0.4 is considered to be within normal limits.
Article

Increased retrosternal airspace

Increased retrosternal airspace is an indicator of hyperinflation of the lungs and is usually due to emphysema. The thickness of the space between the ascending aorta and the posterior margin of the sternum (3 cm inferior to the sternomanubrial joint) and is normally no more than 2.5 cm 1 altho...
Article

Localized pulmonary emphysema

Localized pulmonary emphysema is not a commonly used term but generally given the to describe pulmonary emphysema confined to a particular location with the lung (may involve a lobe,segment or subsegment). It has also been used to describe focal areas of enlargement or destruction of air spaces ...
Article

Subpleural pulmonary bullae

Subpleural pulmonary bullae are a location-specific descriptive term to describe pulmonary bullae occurring in subpleural locations. Many are considered to represent regions of paraseptal emphysema where the emphysematous spaces are greater than 1cm in diameter 1. They may or may not contain sep...
Article

Retrosternal airspace

The retrosternal airspace is seen as a normal lucency between the posterior aspect of the sternum and anterior aspect of the ascending aorta on lateral chest radiographs. This space normally measures less than 2.5 cm in width. Increased retrosternal airspace is a sign of pulmonary emphysema, whi...
Article

Westermark sign

Westermark sign is a sign of pulmonary embolus seen on chest radiographs. It is one of several described signs of pulmonary embolus on chest radiographs. Pathology The theory behind the sign is either obstruction of the pulmonary artery or distal vasoconstriction in hypoxic lung 3. In one stu...
Article

Thoracic air leak syndrome

Thoracic air leak syndrome (TALS) is an uncommon late complication in haematopoetic stem cell transplant recipients with chronic graft verses host disease. These patient led to develop features of thoracic air-leakage (i.e. spontaneous pneumomediastinum, spontaneous pneumothorax, pneumopericardi...
Article

Bronchitis

Bronchitis refers to inflammation of large airways (i.e. bronchi). This may be acute or chronic and can be precipitated by a variety of conditions. acute bronchitis chronic bronchitis See also bronchiolitis - inflammation of small airways airways disease small airways disease large airway...
Article

Chest (lateral view)

The lateral chest view may be performed as an adjunct to a frontal chest radiograph in cases where there is diagnostic uncertainty. The lateral chest view examines the lungs, bony thoracic cavity, mediastinum, and great vessels. Lateral radiographs can be particularly useful in assessing the ret...
Playlist

Abnormal cord and placenta

17 cases

No description provided

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COPD

2 cases

No description provided

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SPINAL CORD SYNDROMES [6]

3 cases

The injury to spinal cord can be incomplete or complete and depends upon the mechanism of injury, but different types of injuries result ...

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Primer - Spinal Cord - Tumours

34 cases

No description provided

Playlist

Primer - Spinal Cord - Infection

21 cases

No description provided

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Trauma coude

15 cases

No description provided

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Encysted hydrocele of the spermatic cord

1 case

No description provided

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Haemangioblastoma (cervical cord)

1 case

No description provided

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Spinal cord trauma

3 cases

No description provided

Playlist

NeuroImaging 4 - Skull, Spinal cord and Cranial Nerves

28 cases

No description provided

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Cord Spilker

Cord Spilker on Radiopaedia.org
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Ross Copping

Ross Copping on Radiopaedia.org
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Inês Conde

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martin camilo conde avila

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Inês Conde Vasco

Inês Conde Vasco on Radiopaedia.org
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Jaime Conde Vargas

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Carlos Añazgo Conde

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Location : Bolivia
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MARÍA CONDE MARTÍN

MARÍA CONDE MARTÍN on Radiopaedia.org
Location : Spain
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