Items tagged “aids”

24 results found
Article

Gelatinous marrow transformation

Gelatinous marrow transformation, also known as serous atrophy of bone marrow, refers to a marrow disorder that occurs with chronic illness and poor nutritional status. It is characterized by atrophy of the fatty marrow and loss of hematopoietic cells, replaced by extracellular gelatinous substa...
Article

Pneumocystis pneumonia

Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP), also referred to as Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP), is an atypical pulmonary infection and the most common opportunistic infection in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Terminology Classically, PCP was the acronym for Pneumocystis car...
Case

CMV ventriculitis

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 19 Jan 2009
80% complete
MRI
Case

PCP (pneumocystis jirovecii) pneumonia

minIP
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Paresh K Desai
Published 20 Mar 2009
62% complete
CT
Article

Kaposi sarcoma

Kaposi sarcoma is a low-to-intermediate grade mesenchymal tumor that involves the lymphovascular system. The tumor can involve the pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cutaneous and musculoskeletal systems. Pathology There are four recognised variants 1: classic (chronic): multiple distal lower extre...
Article

HIV associated neoplasms

HIV-associated neoplasms are numerous and can be broadly divided into two groups: AIDS-defining malignancies associated but not AIDS defining malignancies AIDS-defining malignancies The development of these malignancies in HIV affected individuals generally implies progression to AIDS 4: Ka...
Article

Toxoplasmosis vs lymphoma

Toxoplasmosis and lymphoma are frequently differential diagnoses in patients with HIV/AIDS and as treatment is substantially different distinguishing the two is important.  In many instances, the imaging appearance is classic and differentiation is not problematic; however, in 50-80% of cases, ...
Article

Obstructive bronchopulmonary aspergillosis

Obstructive bronchopulmonary aspergillosis is an uncommon manifestation of non-invasive aspergillosis seen in patients with AIDS. It is typically caused by Aspergillus fumigatus and represents marked overgrowth of intraluminal of the fungus.
Article

Bacillary angiomatosis

Bacillary angiomatosis is an infective complication in those with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) 3. Amongst other widespread multi-organ manifestations, the infection causes skin lesions which can be similar to those of Kaposi sarcoma. Pathology Characterized by a non-neoplastic...
Case

Pneumocystis pneumonia

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Andrew Dixon
Published 04 May 2010
97% complete
X-ray
Article

HIV/AIDS (CNS manifestations)

The CNS manifestations of HIV/AIDS (neuroAIDS) occur secondary to a wide range of neurodegenerative, infectious, inflammatory, or neoplastic processes.  Epidemiology Since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in 1996, there has been a shift in the epidemiology of CN...
Article

HIV/AIDS (cardiovascular manifestations)

Cardiovascular manifestations are seen with increased frequency in the HIV/AIDS adult population, and include: pericardial effusions dilated cardiomyopathy (prevalence 8-30%) endocarditis: either infective or non-bacterial thrombotic (marantic) which is associated with malignancy or HIV wasti...
Article

AIDS-defining illness

AIDS-defining illnesses are conditions that in the setting of a HIV infection confirm the diagnosis of AIDS, and do not commonly occur in immunocompetent individuals 2. According to the CDC surveillance case definition 1, they are: Infectious bacterial infections: multiple or recurrent candid...
Case

Fat redistribution syndrome

 Diagnosis certain
Radswiki
Published 20 Oct 2010
47% complete
Article

HIV/AIDS (musculoskeletal manifestations)

Musculoskeletal manifestations of HIV/AIDS are not as common as CNS or pulmonary complications. Nonetheless, their prevalence is high.  Depending on the condition, etiology may be related to the HIV infection itself, the resultant immunodeficiency, or antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Infection ...
Article

Fat redistribution syndrome

The fat redistribution syndrome (or HIV lipodystrophy syndrome) is seen in a number of AIDS patients on HAART. It is characterized by typical changes in body fat distribution. Features include : hypertrophy in the neck fat pad (buffalo hump) increased fat in the abdominal region (protease pau...
Case

Primary CNS lymphoma - involving the septum pellucidum

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Bruno Di Muzio
Published 01 Mar 2011
68% complete
CT
Case

HIV encephalopathy

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Roberto Schubert
Published 24 Jun 2011
65% complete
MRI
Article

Non-AIDS associated Kaposi sarcoma

Non-AIDS associated Kaposi's sarcoma is a localized process which rarely involves lymph nodes or organs. For a discussion of Kaposi sarcoma in general, please refer to Kaposi sarcoma.  Epidemiology Sporadic (non-AIDS associated) Kaposi sarcoma is mostly seen in elderly males from the Mediterr...
Case

HIV encephalopathy

 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 08 Mar 2013
74% complete
MRI

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