Items tagged “aids”

26 results found
Article

Serous atrophy of bone marrow

Serous atrophy of bone marrow is a non-neoplastic bone marrow disorder that occurs with chronic illness and poor nutritional status. It is characterized by atrophy of the fatty marrow and loss of hematopoietic cells, replaced by an accumulation of extracellular mucinous substances. Terminology ...
Article

Pulmonary Pneumocystis jiroveci infection

Pulmonary Pneumocystis jiroveci infection, also known as Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP) or Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP), is an atypical pulmonary infection and the most common opportunistic infection in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Terminology Classically, "P...
Case

CMV ventriculitis and encephalitis

 Diagnosis certain
Frank Gaillard
Published 19 Jan 2009
80% complete
MRI
Case

Pneumocystis jirovecii (PCP) pneumonia

 Diagnosis probable
Paresh K Desai
Published 20 Mar 2009
68% complete
CT
Article

Kaposi sarcoma

Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a low-to-intermediate grade mesenchymal tumor that involves the lymphovascular system. The tumor can involve the pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cutaneous and musculoskeletal systems. Although it is often thought of as an AIDS-related condition, it may also be seen in other p...
Article

HIV associated neoplasms

HIV-associated neoplasms are numerous and can be broadly divided into two groups: AIDS-defining malignancies associated but not AIDS defining malignancies AIDS-defining malignancies The development of these malignancies in HIV affected individuals generally implies progression to AIDS 4: Ka...
Article

Toxoplasmosis vs lymphoma

Toxoplasmosis and lymphoma are frequently differential diagnoses in patients with HIV/AIDS, as these represent the most common brain lesions with mass effect in this population. As treatment is substantially different, distinguishing the two on imaging is important, particularly when the lesion ...
Article

Obstructive bronchopulmonary aspergillosis

Obstructive bronchopulmonary aspergillosis is an uncommon manifestation of non-invasive aspergillosis seen in patients with AIDS. It is typically caused by Aspergillus fumigatus and represents marked overgrowth of intraluminal of the fungus.
Article

Bacillary angiomatosis

Bacillary angiomatosis is an infective complication in those with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) 3. Amongst other widespread multi-organ manifestations, the infection causes skin lesions which can be similar to those of Kaposi sarcoma. Pathology Characterized by a non-neoplastic...
Case

Pneumocystis pneumonia

 Diagnosis certain
Andrew Dixon
Published 04 May 2010
97% complete
X-ray
Article

HIV/AIDS (CNS manifestations)

The CNS manifestations of HIV/AIDS (neuroAIDS) occur secondary to a wide range of neurodegenerative, infectious, inflammatory, or neoplastic processes.  Epidemiology Since the introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 1996, there has been a shift in the epidemiology of CNS manifestations...
Article

HIV/AIDS (cardiovascular manifestations)

Cardiovascular manifestations are seen with increased frequency in the HIV/AIDS adult population, and include: pericardial effusions dilated cardiomyopathy (prevalence 8-30%) endocarditis: either infective or non-bacterial thrombotic (marantic) which is associated with malignancy or HIV wasti...
Article

AIDS-defining illness

AIDS-defining illnesses are conditions that in the setting of a HIV infection confirm the diagnosis of AIDS and do not commonly occur in immunocompetent individuals 2. According to the CDC surveillance case definition 1, they are: Infectious bacterial infections: multiple or recurrent ca...
Case

Fat redistribution syndrome

 Diagnosis certain
The Radswiki
Published 20 Oct 2010
60% complete
Article

HIV/AIDS (musculoskeletal manifestations)

Musculoskeletal manifestations of HIV/AIDS are not as common as CNS or pulmonary complications. Nonetheless, their prevalence is high.  Pathology Depending on the condition, etiology may be related to the HIV infection itself, the resultant immunodeficiency, or antiretroviral therapy (ART). I...
Article

Fat redistribution syndrome

Fat redistribution syndrome (or HIV lipodystrophy syndrome) is seen in a number of AIDS patients on ART. It is characterized by typical changes in body fat distribution. Pathology Biochemically, these patients have increased triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol...
Case

Primary CNS lymphoma - involving the septum pellucidum

 Diagnosis almost certain
Bruno Di Muzio
Published 01 Mar 2011
71% complete
CT
Case

HIV encephalopathy

 Diagnosis almost certain
Roberto Schubert
Published 24 Jun 2011
62% complete
MRI
Article

Non-AIDS associated Kaposi sarcoma

Non-AIDS associated Kaposi's sarcoma is a localized process which rarely involves lymph nodes or organs. For a discussion of Kaposi sarcoma in general, please refer to Kaposi sarcoma.  Epidemiology Sporadic (non-AIDS associated) Kaposi sarcoma is mostly seen in elderly males from the Mediterr...
Case

HIV encephalopathy

 Diagnosis almost certain
Frank Gaillard
Published 08 Mar 2013
71% complete
MRI