Items tagged “anatomy”

310 results found
Article

Coronal suture

The coronal suture is the cranial suture formed between the two parietal bones and the frontal bone. At the junction of coronal, sagittal and frontal sutures is the anterior fontanelle which is open at birth and usually fuses at around 18-24 months after birth. Fusion of the coronal suture occu...
Article

Clavicle

The clavicle (or informally collar bone) is the only bone connecting the pectoral girdle to the axial skeleton and is the only long bone that lies horizontally in human skeleton.  Gross anatomy Osteology The clavicle is roughly "S-shaped" with a flattened, concave, lateral one-third and a thi...
Case

Supernumerary kidney

Prone 30 minutes ...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Avni K P Skandhan
Published 17 Oct 2013
86% complete
CT
Article

Supernumerary kidney

Supernumerary kidneys are a rare congenital anomaly of the urogenital system, where there are one or two accessory kidneys. Epidemiology Less than 100 cases are documented.  Clinical presentation Patients may be asymptomatic. If present symptoms range from fever, pain to abdominal mass. Thes...
Case

Sprengel deformity

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Paul Simkin
Published 18 Oct 2013
75% complete
X-ray
Case

Petromastoid canal

 Diagnosis not applicable
Dr Ayush Goel
Published 27 Oct 2013
39% complete
CT
Article

Male urethra

The male urethra is a fibromuscular tube that drains urine from the bladder. It has a longer, more complicated, course than the female urethra and is also more prone to pathology. Gross anatomy The male urethra measures, on average, 18-20 cm in length. It commences at the internal urethral ori...
Case

Azygos venous system anatomy (CT pulmonary angiography)

 Diagnosis not applicable
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 16 Nov 2013
62% complete
CT
Case

Sectional cardiac anatomy (creative commons illustration)

 Diagnosis not applicable
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 21 Dec 2013
22% complete
Article

Cardiac plexus

The cardiac plexus is a plexus of nerves situated at the base of the heart. It is formed by cardiac branches derived from both the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. Gross anatomy Sympathetic cardiac nerves are derived from T1 to T4 segments and partly from the T5 segment of the ...
Article

Intercostal nerve

The intercostal nerves are the somatic nerves that arise from the anterior divisions of the thoracic spinal nerves from T1 to T11. These nerves in addition to supplying the thoracic wall also supply the pleura and peritoneum. Gross anatomy Intercostal nerves can be divided into atypical and ty...
Article

Superior mediastinum

Superior mediastinum is an artificially divided wedge-shaped compartment of the mediastinum located between the thoracic plane inferiorly and the thoracic inlet superiorly. The inferior mediastinum, comprising of the anterior, middle and posterior parts, lies inferiorly. Gross anatomy Boundari...
Article

Crossed renal ectopia

Crossed renal ectopia is said to be present when the kidney is seen in the opposite retroperitoneal space. It is more common for the left kidney to be ectopically located on the right side. More than 85% of these get fused resulting in crossed fused renal ectopia. Less than 15% cases are non-fus...
Case

Posterior knee anatomy: Gray's anatomy illustration

 Diagnosis not applicable
Mr Gray's Illustrations
Published 09 Jan 2014
29% complete
Diagram
Article

Inguinal ligament

The inguinal ligament (or Poupart's ligament, or the Fallopian ligament) is a fibrous band extending from the anterior superior iliac spine to the pubic tubercule. It is an important anatomical landmark and denotes the transition of the pelvis to the lower limb.  Gross anatomy The inguinal lig...
Article

Pyramidalis muscle

The pyrimidalis is a paired, small triangular muscle that is rudimentary in humans. Summary origin: pubic symphysis and pubic crest insertion: linea alba at the midway point between umbilicus and pubis innervation: ventral T12 spinal nerve (variable) action: uncertain; thought to tense the ...
Article

Rectouterine pouch

The rectouterine pouch, also known as the rectovaginal pouch, cul-de-sac or pouch of Douglas, is an extension of peritoneum between the posterior wall of uterus and the rectum in females. It is the most dependent part of the peritoneal cavity and is analogous to the rectovesical pouch in males. ...
Case

Fetal origin of the posterior cerebral artery

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Dalia Ibrahim
Published 21 Jan 2014
62% complete
CT
Article

Hepatic artery proper

The hepatic artery proper (or proper hepatic artery) is the continuation of the common hepatic artery after it gives off the gastroduodenal artery. Gross anatomy Course The hepatic artery proper runs anteromedial to the portal vein and medial to the common bile duct to form the portal triad w...
Case

Physeal anatomy - illustration

 Diagnosis not applicable
Dr Matt Skalski
Published 31 Jan 2014
29% complete
Diagram

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