Items tagged “anatomy”

279 results found
Article

Buford complex

Buford complex is a congenital glenoid labrum variant where the anterosuperior labrum is absent in the 1-3 o'clock position and the middle glenohumeral ligament is thickened (cord-like) and originates directly from the superior labrum at the base of the biceps tendon and crosses the subscapulari...
Article

Cavum vergae

The cavum vergae (CV), along with the cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) is a persistence of the embryological fluid-filled space between the leaflets of the septum pellucidum and is a common anatomical variant. The CV is sometimes referred to as the 6th ventricle 3.  Gross anatomy The CV is the po...
Article

Cranial nerves

The cranial nerves are the 12 paired sets of nerves that arise from the brain or brainstem and leave the central nervous system through cranial foraminae rather than through the spine.  Cerebrum The first and second cranial nerves derive from the telencephalon and diencephalon respectively and...
Article

Internal auditory canal nerves (mnemonic)

A mnemonic to remember the relative position of nerves inside the internal auditory canal (IAC) is: Seven up, Coke down Anatomy Four nerves pass through the IAC: facial nerve (CN VII) three components of the vestibulocochlear nerve (CN VIII) cochlear nerve (CN VIIIc) superior vestibular n...
Case

Normal aortic arch (diagram)

Normal
 Diagnosis not applicable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 07 May 2008
16% complete
Diagram
Case

IAM content

FIESTA sagittal 
...
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 07 May 2008
48% complete
MRI
Article

Dura mater

The dura mater, also known as the pachymeninx, is the tough outer layer of the meninges that surrounds the central nervous system and is pierced by the cranial nerves, the internal carotid arteries and the vertebral arteries.  Intracranially it is formed by two layers: outer endosteal layer, c...
Article

Liver

The liver is the largest abdominal organ that plays a major role in metabolism and has a number of functions, including glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, plasma protein synthesis, hormone production, and detoxification. It is one of very few organs that has the ability to regen...
Article

Medulla oblongata

The medulla oblongata (or simply medulla) is the most caudal part of the brainstem and sits between the pons superiorly and spinal cord inferiorly. It is the transition from the spinal cord to the brain. The medulla contains the vital autonomic cardiovascular and respiratory centers controlling...
Article

Intervertebral disc

Intervertebral discs are located between the vertebral bodies of C2/3 to L5/S1, totalling 23 in the conventional spine. Together they account for approximately 25% of the total height of the vertebral column. This decreases with age as disc height is lost. The upper thoracic discs are the thinn...
Case

Haller cells - extensive

 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 17 Jul 2009
39% complete
CT
Article

Müllerian duct anomalies

Müllerian duct anomalies (MDAs) are congenital abnormalities that occur when the Müllerian ducts (paramesonephric ducts) do not develop correctly. This may be as a result of complete agenesis, defective vertical or lateral fusion, or resorption failure. Epidemiology MDAs are estimated to occur...
Case

Superior pericardial recess

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 08 Oct 2009
65% complete
CT
Article

Thymus

The thymus is a T-cell producing lymphoid organ in the anterior mediastinum that plays a role in the development of the immune system.  Gross anatomy It is relatively large in infancy (weighing 25 g at birth) reaching a maximal weight in adolescence between 12 and 19 years (35 g), and graduall...
Case

Femur: osseous anatomy

Femur: anterior v...
 Diagnosis not applicable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 09 Nov 2009
25% complete
Diagram
Case

Glenoid - Gray's anatomy illustration

Glenoid

Image fr...
 Diagnosis not applicable
Mr Gray's Illustrations
Published 27 Feb 2010
44% complete
Diagram
Article

Right coronary artery

The right coronary artery (RCA) is one of the two main coronary arteries that supply the heart with oxygenated blood. Gross anatomy Origin It is a branch of the ascending aorta, with its normal origin in the right aortic sinus, just superior to the aortic valve Course The RCA courses to th...
Case

Normal fossa of Rosenmuller

Normal fossa of R...
 Diagnosis not applicable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 18 Mar 2010
33% complete
MRI
Article

Carpal bones (mnemonic)

Mnemonics of the carpal bone are numerous and useful for memorising the order and location carpal bones. They usually describe the position of the carpal bones from latera to medial in the proximal row and then the distal row: Sam Likes To Push The Toy Car Hard She Looks Too Pretty Try To Catc...
Case

Posterior knee anatomy

Posterior knee
 Diagnosis not applicable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 05 Apr 2010
35% complete
Diagram

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