Items tagged “aorta”

100 results found
Article

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are focal dilatations of the abdominal aorta measuring 50% greater than the proximal normal segment, or >3 cm in maximum diameter. Epidemiology represent the tenth most common cause of death in the Western world prevalence increases with age ~10% patients old...
Article

Aortic arch

The aortic arch represents the direct continuation of the ascending aorta and represents a key area for a review of normal variant anatomy and a wide range of pathological processes that range from congenital anomalies to traumatic injury. Summary origin: continuation of the ascending aorta at...
Article

Aortic dissection

Aortic dissection is the most common form of the acute aortic syndromes and a type of arterial dissection. It occurs when blood enters the medial layer of the aortic wall through a tear or penetrating ulcer in the intima and tracks along the media, forming a second blood-filled channel within th...
Article

Aortic intramural haematoma

Aortic intramural haematoma (IMH) is an atypical form of aortic dissection due to haemorrhage into the wall from the vasa vasorum without an intimal tear. It is part of the acute aortic syndrome spectrum. Epidemiology Typically aortic intramural haematomas are seen in older hypertensive patien...
Case

Normal aortic arch (diagram)

 Diagnosis not applicable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 07 May 2008
29% complete
Diagram
Article

Thoracic aortic dilatation (differential)

There are a number of causes and mimics of thoracic aortic dilatation. Differential diagnosis senile ectasia hypertension post-stenotic dilatation, e.g. bicuspid aortic valve thoracic aortic aneurysm atherosclerosis (usually descending thoracic aorta) collagen disorders Marfan syndrome ...
Article

Endoleak

Endoleaks are characterised by persistent blood flow within the aneurysm sac following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Normally the aortic stent-graft used for EVAR excludes the aneurysm from the circulation by providing a conduit for blood to bypass the sac. Epidemiology An endoleak is a...
Case

Ascending aorta aneurysm

 Diagnosis certain
Dr G Balachandran
Published 27 Dec 2008
80% complete
MRI
Article

Figure 3 sign

The figure 3 sign is seen in aortic coarctation and is formed by prestenotic dilatation of the aortic arch and left subclavian artery, indentation at the coarctation site (also known as the "tuck"), and post-stenotic dilatation of the descending aorta. On barium studies of the oesophagus in pat...
Article

Coarctation of the aorta

Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) refers to a narrowing of the aortic lumen. Epidemiology Coarctations account for between 5-8% of all congenital heart defects. They are more frequent in males, M:F ratio of ~2-3:1. Clinical presentation Varies accordingly to the degree of stenosis and the assoc...
Case

Coarctation of the aorta

 Diagnosis not applicable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 22 May 2009
53% complete
CTX-rayAnnotated image
Case

Vascular ring

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 02 Nov 2009
79% complete
X-ray
Case

Aortic dissection DeBakey classification (illustration)

 Diagnosis not applicable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 16 Nov 2009
29% complete
Diagram
Case

Aortic dissection

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Gagandeep Singh
Published 19 Nov 2009
56% complete
CT
Case

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 17 Jan 2010
74% complete
CT
Case

Aortic ductus diverticulum

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 24 Jan 2010
62% complete
CT
Case

Right aortic arch with aberrant left subclavian artery

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 04 Feb 2010
75% complete
FluoroscopyX-rayCT
Case

Aortic arch aneurysm

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 09 Feb 2010
98% complete
X-rayCTAnnotated image
Case

Coarctation of the aorta

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 22 Feb 2010
50% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Aortic transection and subclavian steal

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 23 Feb 2010
63% complete
DSA (angiography)

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