Items tagged “arthritis”

7 results found


Gout is a crystal arthropathy due to deposition of monosodium urate crystals in and around the joints. Epidemiology Typically occurs in those above 40 years. There is a strong male predilection of 20:1, with this predilection more pronounced in younger and middle-aged adults. In the elderly, t...

Jaccoud arthropathy

Jaccoud arthropathy (JA) is a deforming non-erosive arthropathy characterized by ulnar deviation of the second to 5th fingers with metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint subluxation. Pathology It was traditionally described as occurring post-rheumatic fever. It is also seen in association with system...

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune multisystemic inflammatory disease which affects many organs but predominantly attacks the synovial tissues and joints. Epidemiology The overall prevalence is 0.5-1% and the disease is 2-3 times more common in women 1. Onset is generally in ad...

Rheumatoid arthritis (musculoskeletal manifestations)

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic multi-system disease with predominant musculoskeletal manifestations. Being a disease that primarily attacks synovial tissues, RA affects synovial joints, tendons and bursae. Refer to the related articles for a general discussion of rheumatoid arthritis an...

Septic arthritis

Septic arthritis is a destructive arthropathy caused by an intra-articular infection that usually is related to severe symptoms such as pain and decreased range of motion. This condition requires prompt treatment aiming to avoid permanent damage to joint, which may result in chronic deformity or...

Investigation of polyarthritis (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Polyarthritis (arthritis affecting several joints) is common, especially in older patients. Symptoms may range from mild pain and restriction to severe, debilitating disease with mutilated joints. Assessment Arthritis may...


Enthesitis refers to inflammation of the enthesis (the attachment of ligament or tendon to bone).  Enthesitis may be the result of repetitive mechanical stress or a more generalized inflammatory condition. Enthesitis is associated with the HLA-B27 inflammatory arthritides such as ankylosing spo...

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