Items tagged “barium swallow”

15 results found
Article

Achalasia

Achalasia (primary achalasia) refers to a failure of organised oesophageal peristalsis with an impaired relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS), resulting in often marked dilatation of the oesophagus and food stasis. Obstruction of the distal oesophagus (often due to tumour) has been...
Article

Oesophageal web

Oesophageal webs refer to an oesophageal constriction caused by a thin mucosal membrane projecting into the lumen. Epidemiology Oesophageal webs tend to affect middle-aged females. Clinical presentation Patients are usually asymptomatic and the finding may be incidental and unimportant. Howe...
Case

Broncho-oesophageal fistula

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Vishwanath Reddy
Published 23 May 2014
77% complete
BariumCT
Case

Candida oesophagitis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Roman Bernal Troetsch
Published 26 May 2015
97% complete
Fluoroscopy
Case

Phrenic ampulla

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Matt A. Morgan
Published 15 Jul 2015
94% complete
BariumAnnotated image
Article

Phrenic ampulla

The phrenic ampulla (also known as the oesophageal vestibule) is the region between the A-ring and B-ring of the distal oesophagus.  The gastro-oesophageal junction is below the ampulla (and gastric folds should not enter the region of the ampulla). Differential diagnosis The ampulla is more ...
Article

Passavant cushion

The Passavant cushion is a small prominence in the posterior pharynx, formed from a focal bulge of the superior pharyngeal constrictor muscles during swallowing. The "cushion" opposes the soft palate during the act of swallowing and is part of the seal between soft palate and pharynx that preve...
Article

Oesophageal myotomy

Oesophageal myotomy (or Heller myotomy) is a procedure that can be performed to treat a lower oesophageal sphincter (LES) that fails to relax (e.g. achalasia). The procedure involves a longitudinal incision of the distal oesophageal musculature to break the sphincter tone. A fundoplication wrap...
Case

"Ballooning" of the distal oesophagus after Heller myotomy

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Matt A. Morgan
Published 21 Jul 2015
97% complete
Barium
Case

Normal barium swallow (lateral view)

Division of the m...
 Diagnosis not applicable
Dr Matt A. Morgan
Published 21 Jul 2015
58% complete
BariumAnnotated image
Article

Granular mucosal pattern of the oesophagus (differential)

Granular mucosal pattern of the oesophagus represents very fine nodularity of the oesophageal mucosal surface. This finding is nonspecific and may represent: reflux oesophagitis (most common) Candida oesophagitis glycogenic acanthosis Barrett oesophagus superficial spreading oesophageal car...
Article

Glycogenic acanthosis

Glycogenic acanthosis is a benign finding on oesophagography in elderly patients. Epidemiology It most commonly occurs in patients >40 years of age and incidence and numbers of lesions increase by age. No gender predilection exists. Typically patients are asymptomatic.  Pathology It occurs f...
Article

Normal oesophageal contours on barium swallow

There are a number of normal oesophageal contours or impressions that are encountered when performing a barium swallow. It is important to be able to differentiate normal contours and their variants, as well as contours that may indicate disease. Below is a list of anatomical structures that may...
Article

Water-siphon test

The water siphon test may be performed as part of a barium swallow to assess for gastro-oesophageal reflux in a hiatal hernia. It is performed in the supine RPO position with the patient drinking water continuously. The test is said to be positive if there is visible barium reflux in the oesopha...
Case

Accidental contrast aspiration resulted in air bronchogram on barium swallow

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Mohamed Hossam el Deen
Published 16 Jul 2016
90% complete
BariumFluoroscopy

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