Items tagged “biliary_tree”

19 results found
Article

Pneumobilia

Pneumobilia, also known as aerobilia, is the accumulation of gas in the biliary tree. It is important to distinguish pneumobilia from portal venous gas, the other type of branching hepatic gas. There are many causes of pneumobilia and clinical context is often important to distinguish between th...
Article

Primary sclerosing cholangitis

Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is an uncommon idiopathic inflammatory condition, which affects the biliary tree resulting in multiple strictures and eventual cirrhosis. The diagnosis can be made when there are classical imaging features in the correct clinical context, and secondary cause...
Article

Choledocholithiasis

Choledocholithiasis denotes the presence of gallstones within the bile ducts (common hepatic duct / common bile duct). Epidemiology Choledocholithiasis is relatively common, seen in in 6-12% of patients who undergo cholecystectomy 2. Clinical presentation Stones within the bile duct are ofte...
Case

Choledochal cyst types (diagram)

 Diagnosis not applicable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 11 Jan 2010
32% complete
Diagram
Case

Choledochal cyst - type I

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 12 Jan 2010
82% complete
MRI
Case

Aerobilia (pneumobilia)

Aerobilia
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Ruslan Asadov
Published 14 Jan 2010
74% complete
CT
Article

Scleroderma (hepatobiliary manifestations)

Hepatobiliary manifestations of scleroderma are only present symptomatically in a minority of patients. Around 2.5% of patients with scleroderma develop clinically significant primary biliary cirrhosis, however, antibody studies suggest that subclinical disease may be present in as many as 15% o...
Case

Choledocholithiasis and cholecystolithiasis

coronal
 Diagnosis certain
Dr G Balachandran
Published 13 Oct 2010
94% complete
MRI
Case

Gallbladder adenocarcinoma

 Diagnosis probable
Radswiki
Published 20 Oct 2010
29% complete
Case

Haemobilia

 Diagnosis probable
Radswiki
Published 20 Oct 2010
45% complete
CT
Article

Primary biliary cholangitis

Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a chronic progressive cholestatic liver disease that is the cause of 1-2% of deaths from cirrhosis and constitutes the third most common indication for liver transplantation in adults. Terminology The name of this disease was changed from primary biliary ci...
Case

Biliary tree anatomical variant: biliary trifurcation

 Diagnosis not applicable
Dr Hani Salam
Published 12 Dec 2010
48% complete
MRI
Article

Haemobilia

Haemobilia refers to the presence of blood in the biliary tree. Clinical presentation The classical clinical triad, only seen in ~50% of cases, consists of: melaena (i.e. upper gastrointestinal bleeding) jaundice abdominal pain Pathology Aetiology iatrogenic: surgical or percutaneous pro...
Case

Cystic duct calculus

Cystic duct calcu...
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 02 Feb 2011
63% complete
Ultrasound
Article

Caroli disease

Caroli disease is a congenital disorder comprising of multifocal cystic dilatation of segmental intrahepatic bile ducts. However, some series show that extrahepatic duct involvement may exist 2. It is also classified as a type V choledochal cyst, according to the Todani classification. Epidemio...
Case

Choledochal cysts - type IVa

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Mohammad Taghi Niknejad
Published 30 Nov 2012
83% complete
CT
Article

Sphincter of Oddi

The sphincter of Oddi (or sphincter of ampulla) is a complex of four smooth muscle sphincters within the duodenal wall. It surrounds, and helps fix to the duodenum, the duct of Wirsung, common bile duct and the ampulla of Vater 1-2.  When relaxed it allows the passage of bile into the intestine...
Case

Low cystic duct insertion

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 22 Sep 2015
92% complete
CT
Case

Choledochal cyst - type I

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Thomas M. Anderson
Published 01 Oct 2018
71% complete
MRI

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