Items tagged “brain herniation”

6 results found
Case

Kernohan phenomenon

 Diagnosis certain
Erik Ranschaert
Published 04 Oct 2010
80% complete
MRI
Article

Kernohan phenomenon

Kernohan notch phenomenon is an imaging finding resulting from extensive midline shift due to mass effect, resulting in the indentation in the contralateral cerebral crus by the tentorium cerebelli. This has also been referred to as Kernohan-Woltman notch phenomenon and is a false localizing sig...
Article

Midline shift

One of the most important indicators of increased intracranial pressure due to mass effect is midline shift. Pathology Any intra-axial or extra-axial lesion (tumor, hemorrhage, abscess, etc.) has the potential to exert mass effect on the brain parenchyma and cause lateral shift of the midline ...
Article

Sulcal effacement

Sulcal effacement is a local secondary sign of mass effect in the cranium. Any lesion exerting mass effect on brain parenchyma can push adjacent gyri together, thereby displacing the CSF from the sulci. It is greatest at the site where the cause of the mass effect is located (e.g. tumor, hemorr...
Article

Tonsillar herniation

Tonsillar herniation is a type of brain herniation characterized by the inferior descent of the cerebellar tonsils below the foramen magnum >3 mm 5. Clinically, the presence of tonsillar herniation is often called coning. The terminology of caudally displaced tonsils is discussed in the article...
Case

Malignant posterior circulation territory ischemic stroke

 Diagnosis certain
Bálint Botz
Published 14 Dec 2021
93% complete
CT